Hydrangea paniculata “Vanilla Freyz”, due to its unpretentiousness and frost resistance, feels well both on the summer cottage and on the city flowerbed, as well as in the gardens and the park zone.
Her gorgeous white inflorescences leave no one indifferent, regardless of whether it grows alone or in a group with other decorative flowers.
The variety was bred by the Frenchman Eric Renault and since 2006 has repeatedly won prizes around the world in international competitions gardeners: Holland, France.
In the winter of 2013, this variety was presented in Ukraine and, in principle, all gardeners in Eastern Europe consider this plant to be an ornament and pride of their flower gardens and garden plots.
This shrub is called differently: hydrangea vanilla fresh, hydrangea vanilla fraze, vanilla-strawberry hydrangea, vanilla fraze. The origin of the name is quite simple - it is given by the similarity of paniculate inflorescence on the elongated horn of ice cream, which resembles strawberry and vanilla in color.
- It belongs to the group of deciduous shrubs.
- With good care and proper choice of landing site reaches a height of about 2 meters.
- The inflorescences are collected in lush, elongated paniculate brushes up to 40 cm and about 30 cm in diameter. They are able to change the shade depending on the flowering phase: first milky white, then turn pinkish and, at the end of the season, become a rich dark shade.
- In a year the bush grows approximately on 20 - 30 cm.
- Hydrangea blooms profusely and long enough - from mid-summer to mid-autumn. Inflorescences for a long time to keep on the stems.
- The leaf plates are arranged oppositely and have an elongated oval shape, in structure they are dense and slightly rough, slightly pubescent, the color is bright green, saturated.
- The branches are straight and rigid, do not branch out strongly, and form a bush form due to hanging heavy inflorescences. The color of the shoots is dark brown - red.
- The root system, on the contrary, is branched and does not lie deep.
- The peculiarity of this variety is the white top of the inflorescence, which does not change color when the color of the entire brush changes to pink.
Hydrangea paniculata withstands temperatures down to -35 - 40 degrees, grows in the most severe conditions. Even if the twigs freeze slightly a little in winter, then with the onset of heat they quickly return to normal.
The bush can be called a long-liver, because its active flowering can last up to 40 - 45 years and above.
Where to plant hydrangea "Vanilla Fraze"
The plant is quite unpretentious, but some rules should be observed so that the bush actively developed and gave a lush color.
- It should be borne in mind that the bush will grow, although compact enough, but tall. Therefore, the plot should be spacious.
- Place you need to choose a well-lit, because in the shade hydrangea will bloom badly and can slow down in growth. However, the scorching rays of the sun bush is not very well maintained. It is recommended to choose a place where the sun illuminates the bush in the morning and in the evening, and in the afternoon there should be a small penumbra or diffused light.
- Protect your hydrangea from drafts and do not plant in places where there is too much open area with winds.
- The plant loves well-moistened soil, but without stagnation of water and does not tolerate swampy and damp places. Also, a strong drought will not be beneficial - flowering will not be abundant, and shoots may linger in growth.
So, the requirements are not too serious. But still you need to pay attention to the plant and provide a comfortable place for a long period. Some flower growers plant hydrangea bushes near the walls of buildings or as a hedge.
It is necessary to plant hydrangea paniculata approximately in the second decade of May, when the night frosts are gone, and in the afternoon sunny and clear weather.
Hydrangea does not tolerate limestone and sandy soil. The soil will be suitable acidic (up to 5 PH), leaf plates may turn yellow on neutral. Therefore, if you know for sure that the composition of the soil in your area is not quite suitable for planting for some reason, make the mixture yourself.
The landing pit should be square in shape 30/30/30 cm. If the soil is damp and too wet, then a drainage layer of broken brick or gravel should be put at the bottom of the hole.
Sometimes a little root-forming agent is added to the dug hole for better development and faster adaptation of the plant.
- Then pour a third of the prepared soil.
- Then put the seedling. It is important to position the root system evenly and straighten the root processes.
- Sprinkle the bush with the remaining soil on top.
- At the end, water each plant with ten liters of water.
- The last stage: the soil gently loosen and mulch with peat or wet sawdust.
For the required percentage of soil oxidation, colloidal sulfur is used. The root collar can not be dropped. But on the perimeter of the roots of the soil should fit tightly so that there are no "empty" places.
If the site already has a hydrangea bush, and you just want to multiply it, then it is also not at all difficult to do. It is necessary to tilt a large uterine bush and simply fix the desired branch on the ground. In the spring she will take root.
Then it is simply separated from the main bush and transplanted with a newly formed small root to a previously prepared place.
Sometimes the hydrangea is planted in tubs or pots. A little agroperlite and sand are added to the soil for better plant growth.
Care for paniculate hydrangea
When transplanting, or when you first decided to plant this plant, it is necessary to shelter young shoots during the first year of life. Then the bush will get stronger and will not need protection from frost.
Young bushes in the spring begin to remove the film when the warm and sunny weather is finally established, without sudden gusts of wind and residual night frosts.
Despite the fact that the bush is planted in the already fertilized and prepared soil, hydrangea needs regular fertilizer.
- The first feeding is done within a few weeks after planting the seedlings. Organic and mineral fertilizers are suitable.
- Before flowering, the bush should be fed with nitrogen-containing fertilizers to form ovaries, buds and inflorescences. The same composition is recommended to be used after winter, so that the bush began to actively develop.
- In the summer season you can use fertilizers specifically for hydrangeas. As an option - a mixture of azaleas.
- In the autumn, it is necessary to add superphosphate to the soil in order to strengthen and prepare the plant root system for wintering.
- Often seedlings purchased in the nursery are already sold with prolonged fertilizers thanks to new technologies and the formulas derived by scientists. In this case, you do not need to feed the plant for a whole year and can be planted in any, even the hottest, weather. Flowering of such seedlings is guaranteed to occur in the first year after planting.
- Some growers for good development of the root system use top dressing in the form of whey, which is diluted with water, and then water the bush under the root. Sour - milky environment perfectly supports the desired composition of the soil and contributes to the rapid growth of hydrangea.
This process is one important and indispensable in caring for the plant. Pruning should be done annually, otherwise the flowering will be small or not at all.
In the autumn it is worth removing faded paniculate brushes. In spring, two thirds (4 to 5 buds on the shoot) of the tops of the branches are necessarily cut before the period of formation of the ovaries and buds. Timely pruning not only gives a neat look to the bush, but also contributes to abundant flowering - from 50 to 80 brushes on an adult bush.
After the pruning process on each bush should be no more than 8 - 10 strong healthy shoots. But still need to look at a particular bush and its condition. Too much trimming is also not worth it, because the bush will thicken.
During the winter period, many people tie up the hydrangea after removing the inflorescences, since the branches may break under the weight of the snow. Pruning is carried out no more than twice a year.
Hortensia loves water and watering. Therefore, on very hot summer days, it is recommended to pour 2 times in 7 days under each bush up to 30 liters of water at room temperature.
If the air temperature is moderately warm, then once a week should be watered your hydrangea 30 - 40 liters of water. To keep the soil constantly wet, rotted sawdust or peat is placed on top of the ground. Then the drying of the soil can not be afraid.
Having once landed a hydrangea, you will not be able to abandon this garden beauty. And its white-pink bloom will not leave anyone indifferent.
Hortensia paniculata Vanilla Freiz simply does not respond to the description, so it is a beautiful plant in the garden. The root system of even an adult plant is small, but very branchy. The variety has dark green oblong leaves, covered with light pubescence. The shoots of the plant are erect, painted red.
White inflorescences are formed on them, which, as they mature, change shade. Initially, the lower part acquires a strawberry shade, which after a couple of months acquires a pinkish color. The top remains white.
Shoots can reach two meters in length, as the inflorescence grows, they bend and the bush becomes spherical in shape. Flowering plant for quite some time. The first flowers pleases in July, and the last bloom in September. The most beautiful hydrangeas are considered this particular variety. Buds reach a width of 30 cm, and in length - 40 cm, have a pyramidal shape.
A big plus plant is that it cold-resistant culture. It tolerates frosts up to -29 ° С without shelter. But still for the winter is recommended to cover the branches.
Features of growing
To hydrangea Vanilla Frazie pleased beautiful flowering, it is important to follow the rules of its planting and care. Ideally plant a plant in spring or autumn. Although if you buy bushes in pots or pots, when the root system is closed, they take root well in the summer.
For the plant important good lightingotherwise the buds will shrink and lose their color saturation. However, in the scorching sun, they also feel bad and fade. Therefore, for the landing, it is better to pick up a penumbra that will close the bush at noon.
What kind of soil does Vanilla Freise love?
The plant loves organic-rich, slightly acidic and moist soils. Lime soil should be avoided. The combination of peat, sand, humus and leafy land in equal parts is considered ideal.
In addition, the plant loves loose soil. Therefore, before planting the soil should be loosened by about 5-7 cm and carry out this procedure periodically as the plant grows. Do not forget to mulch the soil.
Landing pit preparation
The planting pit should correspond to the earthen coma of the plant, but on average its parameters are 30 x 30 x 30 cm. It must be filled with a nutrient mixture consisting of peat and rotten compost, peat or potassium sulfate with superphosphate. You can also use a special mixture for azaleas. Placing the substrate on the bottom of the pit, it should be poured abundantly with water.
The scheme of planting seedlings hydrangea
When planning a planting scheme, keep in mind that bushes should be planted no closer than a meter to each other. If a hedge is planned to be planted from a plant, then it should be planted at a distance of 2-3 m. Before planting, it is necessary to shorten the roots of the plant and cut off shoots to 3-4 buds on each. Then the bush will grow lush.
A sapling is placed in a prepared pit so that its roots are straightened and freely placed in the hole. Then the ground is poured in from above so that the root collar remains on top. Along the perimeter, where the ends of the roots should be placed, the ground is well tamped so that air pockets do not form there.
Then the seedling should be watered and mulched. To do this, use peat, film, sawdust, burlap, needles, compost, straw, expanded clay. This will help maintain the necessary air mode.
Twice a month is recommended to feed the plant. To do this, use organic or mineral fertilizers: superphosphate, potash or ammonium nitrate, slurry.
Nitrogen supplements are carried out only in spring. If you bring them in the fall, the plant may not have time to prepare for winter and frost up. Avoid the introduction of ash into the soil, as it deoxidizes the soil, and hydrangea loves sour soil.
Cropping and crown formation
To hydrangea grew long and magnificently, the bush is periodically necessary rejuvenate by pruning. It is held in late October. Then too old and weak shoots are completely removed. Young and strong shorten to several pairs of buds.
When a faded brush is removed so that two pairs of buds remain, the floral brushes will be large next year, although not so abundant. If you trim a dried inflorescence with two nearest buds, many small flowers will grow next year.
In the spring, check the shrub and cut off frozen shoots. It is not recommended to shorten them in the spring.
Peculiarities of bush wintering
Prepare a plant for the cold should be in the fall. First you need to remove from the bush all the leaves, except those that are located on the tops. Bottom circle fill dry land.
You should know that the plant is very fond of heat, so don't be afraid to overheat it and prepare a good and tight shelter from a material that does not allow air to pass through. Flower buds and tops of shoots are most at risk of freezing; therefore, they should be covered before frosts occur.
In winter, the bush should be gently sprinkled with snow, but make sure that no snow blocks from the roofs or trees fall on it, otherwise fragile shoots can be badly damaged. In the spring, the bush is airing at first, but so that the snow remains on it. Shelter removed gradually.
How to propagate Vanilla Fraze in the garden
The flower propagates in three ways: seeds, division and cuttings. Seeds are sown in the ground by the end of April, but this method allows you to see the first flowers only after two years. But remember that with this method of reproduction, parental qualities may not be transferred to new plants.
The division of the bush is carried out in the spring, so that by the autumn the bush is well grown. To do this, dig up an old bush and divide it with a sharp disinfected knife so that several new buds remain on each new bush. With them, and will restore the bushes.
For grafting cutting shoots this year and planted them in a suitable substrate. Above the cuttings set special arc to shelter from the sun and create a greenhouse effect. The arcs are covered with a wet non-woven material, and covered with a film on top.
The film is periodically lifted to ventilate the greenhouse. Approximately in 20-25 days the cuttings should take root, after which they are planted in pots or in a new place.
Hortensia Vanilla Freyz is a completely non-capricious plant that any attentive gardener can handle. But she is able to please the lush and beautiful flowering.
One of the most beautiful paniculids is the Hydrangea Vanilla Frazie. Planting and caring for her gives strikingly beautiful results: large, up to 40 cm long and up to 30 cm wide pyramidal inflorescences resembling a horn with vanilla-strawberry ice cream. This hydrangea blooms from July to September on the shoots of the current year. Such a variety as hydrangea Vanilla Freyzi (reviews of flower growers will not allow to lie) has unique flowers in color. And at the very beginning of flowering, they are all snow-white, then a dark pink border appears along the edge of the petals. Over time, the bottom of the inflorescence turns to a strawberry-red color, gradually turning into a delicate pink shade. The top of the inflorescences remains white, and this feature has only paniculate hydrangea Vanilla Freyzi. Planting and care (the photo you see below demonstrates this) can help show the beauty of this beautiful plant. The number and size of opening inflorescences directly depend on pruning.
Where can I plant?
As already mentioned above, all paniculate hydrangeas, in particular the variety Vanille Fraise, are plants that are rather unpretentious and capable of growing both in the sun and in partial shade. However, planting this perennial in the sunny area, it should be remembered that its growth rate will be noticeably lower than in the shade. This bush will be quite low, and inflorescences - small. In no case should there be a limestone soil on the site where the hydrangea Vanilla Frazie will land.
Planting and caring for this plant will be fun if you plant this perennial in the soil that meets the following conditions. She must be:
- slightly acidic or neutral,
- fertile and loose,
- enriched with organic fertilizers,
- moderately but constantly hydrated.
If you decide to plant this beautiful flowering shrub in the shady corner of your property, you will have to constantly make sure that the soil at its roots is loosened all the time. Если нет ни сил, ни желания все время заниматься рыхлением, то можно облегчить себе жизнь, внеся в землю под гортензией при первой обработке немного любой мульчи.
В условиях средней полосы весна − лучшее время для посадки, так как до осени сумеет не только адаптироваться, но и хорошо укорениться гортензия Ванила Фрейзи. Посадка и уход за высаженными растениями осуществляются следующим образом. First of all, dig holes with a size of 30x30x30 cm for each seedling.
Between them there should be a distance of about a meter. Before planting a hole, about ½ a bucket of peat mixed with rotted compost or humus is brought into each hole and shed with water. Then, the hydrangea roots are straightened and placed in the planting pit, after which they are covered with garden soil, without deepening the root collar. Be sure to seal the soil around the roots so that there are no air "pockets".
After planting, the plant must be watered and gently loosen the upper soil layer. If at this time the sun is very bright and hot, then you need to cover the seedling with spunbond or any other covering material to prevent burns.
How to feed?
The first time organic (aqueous solution of manure) and mineral, at best, complex fertilizers are applied under the planted hydrangea at the end of May. After a couple of weeks, you can repeat the feeding, as it will help the plant to hold a flower bud for the next season.
Under the successfully overwintered bushes, hydrangeas in the spring introduce any nitrogen-containing fertilizer, and in summer they feed them with a solution of infused and fermented grass. You can also use specialized fertilizers for hydrangeas, and if there are none, then use formulations intended for rhododendrons or azaleas. In late summer and early autumn, superphosphate can be added under the bushes.
The panicle hydrangea Vanilla Freyzi, like any other, prefers well-moistened soil. In order for this perennial to develop well and delight in its extraordinary flowering, it is necessary to prevent the top layer of the soil from drying out. For this, the surfaces around the bushes are mulched with rotted sawdust or peat. If the weather is dry and hot, the plant will have to be plentiful, 30-50 liters under each bush twice a week. Under normal summer temperature, it is enough to water once every seven days.
How and when to trim?
Most varieties of hydrangea paniculata, including Vanille Fraise, need to be trimmed with a bush. This procedure is carried out in the spring. To do this, leave from 5 to 10 shoots on each plant, shortening them to 2-5 buds. Conducting pruning, it should be remembered that the number and size of inflorescences depend on how much you prune shoots. So, if you cut two pairs of buds below the flowering inflorescence, there will be many small inflorescences. In the event that two pairs of buds were left on the branch, there will be few flower brushes, but they will be large. In addition, you need to regularly remove dry inflorescences, as this procedure stimulates the emergence of new in the next season.
Hortensia Vanilla Frezy: Preparing for the Winter
Paniculised hydrangeas tolerate our winters quite well, especially if there are no sudden changes in temperature. A distinctive feature of Vanille Fraise is its high frost resistance down to -29 ° C. And if adult plants can easily survive the harsh winter and only shoots freeze out, then young bushes can simply die. In order for your mature hydrangeas to successfully winter, it is enough to pile up the bushes by 20–30 cm with rotted compost or garden soil in the fall. Planted in spring plants should be covered, especially the circle circle. For this purpose, fallen leaves of trees or coniferous spruce branches will do.
Planting in open ground
Hydrangea can not be planted under trees that absorb moisture in large quantities. She prefers open places protected from direct sunlight. If you plant the plant is not in the penumbra, and in a brightly lit area, it will slow down the growth, the inflorescences will become small.
An important condition for successful cultivation is the acidic soil.
It is best to plant a hydrangea in early spring. The landing pit with a depth and width of about half a meter is filled with fertile soil consisting of garden soil, peat, sand, humus and fallen needles. It is not necessary to add ash, it does not like hydrangea.
The root collar cannot be buried; it should be located at ground level. After planting, the plant is well watered and mulched with peat, sawdust or pine needles.
Watering and feeding
The scientific name Hydrangea, which translates as a vessel with water, is given to hydrangeas for moisture-loving. She really loves water, but does not tolerate constant dampness. Every adult bush should receive at least 2 buckets of water per week. Watering hydrangeas is better to do in the early morning or in the evening with separated soft water. You can use rainwater without lime.
Fertilize the plant with superphosphate or special dressings that are intended for hydrangeas. This is done in spring and early summer to form beautiful, lush buds. The third time feeding is needed during flowering.
Hydrangea does not tolerate high calcium content in the soil; this should be taken into account when choosing a planting site and choosing fertilizers.
When alkalizing the soil or ingress of lime, the plant develops chlorosis.
Pruned plant strictly asleep, before the juice starts to circulate in the early spring, otherwise it starts to hurt. When grown in the form of a bush, pruning is done on three buds. To achieve a large number of flowers, last year's shoots are cut short, flower buds are formed on young shoots.
For the formation of hydrangea in the form of a tree suitable pruning pruning. The top of the trunk is cut, and lateral skeletal branches sprout below the cut. They pinch the summer twice, and then give the crown the desired shape.
Caring for hydrangea in the fall includes pruning dried inflorescences. The plant can grow in the garden for more than half a century. Old bushes rejuvenate by cutting for perennial wood, after which decorativeness is restored in the second year.
Caring for hydrangea in the fall, preparing for winter
The Vanilla Freyz variety hibernates well, it tolerates a decrease in air temperature to -25 ° C. An adult plant does not need shelter. Even if the winter will be very cold, and the bushes will freeze a little, they will quickly restore their decorative effect due to the young shoots.
For young bushes need more thorough preparation for the winter. Pristvolny circle spud garden soil, peat, sawdust or fallen needles to protect the roots from freezing. Top young shoots can be sprinkled with dry grass, covered with fir branches and non-woven material.
Propagation of Hydrangea Vanilla Fraze
Hortensia is easily propagated by dividing the bush, layering or cuttings. There are also seeds on sale that can be sown in the ground at the end of April. With seed propagation, the plant will bloom for 4 or 5 years.
Hortensia is grafted in early summer from about June 10 to 15. On the cuttings cut off the young shoots with 5 knots. The twigs are planted in a light acidic substrate of 2 parts of peat and 1 part of sand. Shade and cover with greenhouse effect film. About a month later, after rooting, the film is removed, and the cuttings are transplanted to a permanent place in the garden.
For reproduction by layering in the spring, they choose a healthy lower shoot, bend it to the ground, and drop it to a depth of 10–15 cm. Fix it with a slingshot from a branch or other device, and do not forget to water it. After the branch has taken root, it can be separated from the mother bush, and transplanted to a permanent place.
Adult hydrangeas older than 4 years can be propagated by dividing the bush. It is better to carry out this procedure in the spring, so that the plant quickly begins to grow and does not freeze. The bush is dug, and the root is neatly divided by a clean, sharp shovel.
Protection against diseases and pests
Many hydrangea diseases cause high humidity. Under adverse conditions, powdery mildew develops rapidly. Yellow spots appear on the leaves, which then darken. On the reverse side of the affected leaf plate can be seen plaque. The diseased plant is treated with a fungicide.
Another fungal disease, gray mold, causes brown spots on the leaves. All affected parts of the plant are removed and burned, and the hydrangea is treated with Rovral Flo 255 SC fungicide. Repeat spraying after 2 weeks.
Excess soil humus or lime can lead to chlorosis. This disease is expressed in the blanching of the leaves, they soon change their color from green to yellow, and fall off. You can help the plant by acidifying the soil with Antihlorosis or Ferovit.
When detected on the leaves of hydrangea aphids or spider mites, it is treated with appropriate preparations. In the first case - Intavir or Aktofit, in the second - Fufanon or Thiofos.
Use in landscape design
In landscape design, hydrangea is used to create the background of a flower garden. In group compositions with undersized flowers, it is planted in the background or in the center of the flower bed.
Lush flowering bushes also look spectacular in solitary compositions, on the lawn, at the fence of the house or in front of the entrance. Paniculate hydrangea can be planted next to the gazebo or an open veranda.
In the garden, the plant sometimes plays the role of a hedge or screen. To do this, the bushes form a special way. Picturesquely look lush white and pink hydrangea flowers next to thuja or other coniferous shrubs and trees.
Vanille Fraise Variety Hydrangea Features
Hortensia Vanilla Freise is a two-meter spreading shrub with straight maroon-red shoots and rough bright green oval-shaped leaves with a pointed tip. It belongs to the panicled form, hydrangea arborescens, as it forms large pyramidal inflorescences with a length of up to 40 cm during the period of decorativeness. The shrub blooms in mid-June, flowering continues until the end of September. Under the weight of the broomstick, elastic shoots sag, making the bush look symmetrical.
Over breeding varieties worked French breeder Eric Reno, and only 11 years later he achieved the desired result. One of the main features of the variety is the unusual color of the inflorescence: when dissolved in white, after a few weeks the shade of the lower half of the panicle becomes pink. Smooth color transition and conical shape reminiscent of vanilla-strawberry ice cream. When planting this variety, during the flowering period you will be able to admire chic shrubs every day and relax in their surroundings.
In terms of frost resistance, the hydrangea paniculata Vanilla Freise is in the top of the list, planting in open ground is possible in all regions with seasonal frosts down to -30 o C.
A variety with similar characteristics and the same requirements for planting is the novelty of the world of floristics - Hydrangea Freys Melba, introduced in 2015. This variety also blooms with pink-white paniculate inflorescences, but here there is a more intense crimson color and a contrasting transition of shades.
Place under the hydrangea
The cultivation of hydrangea Vanilla Freyzi and Fraise Melba requires a place protected from the wind. Planting should be done on a plot with good access of light, but the plant does not tolerate direct sunlight on hot days, especially young bushes.
The soil should be neutral or slightly acidic acidity. The alkaline environment can cause a deficiency in the plant iron, it can be seen by changing the color of the foliage to a lighter shade.
In order to achieve the growth of the bush and good flowering, we plant a vanilla-strawberry hydrangea in the places that meet the main criteria:
- open shadow in the afternoon
- protection from sudden gusts of wind,
- sufficient soil moisture, but there should also be no excess water.
In hydrangea, the root system develops close to the surface, so the distance to other plants with a similar feature must be remote. If there is a tree or shrub next to it, which can pick up some of the nutrients from the soil, the hydrangea will grow weakly and inflorescences will become smaller.
When to plant a hydrangea vanille fraise?
Experts recommend planting Hydrangea Vanilla Freise in the middle of a strip in the spring. In this case the plant will have enough time to get used to the new conditions, as well as for the formation of a complete root system. However, this can be achieved if you precisely follow the agrotechnology of planting and care.
Agrotechnics planting Vanilla Fraze
First prepare the hole size of 30 x 30 x 30 cm for seedlings. Plants must be placed no closer than 1 meter from each other. When the pits are ready, they need to be filled with a mixture of ½ a bucket of peat mixed with rotten compost or humus. At the end of the hole you need to pour water.
After that, the hydrangea saplings of vanilla fraze are transferred to the wells, having first straightened their roots. Garden ground is poured on top., making sure that the root neck is not hidden. Along the perimeter of the roots it is necessary to tamp the ground in order to avoid the formation of "air pockets".
Having finished planting the seedlings, the pits must be watered and the surface layer of the soil burned through. If planting hydrangea is carried out in sunny and hot weather, and then it will require shelter, for example, a spunbond or other available material. It will help protect young plants from burns.
Where can I put Vanilla Frazee?
I would like to remind once again that all paniculate hydrangeas are unpretentious in their care, so they can be successfully grown in lighted areas and under partial shading. Is no exception and grade Vanilla Freyz. But still growing this perennial in the sun is less preferable due to the fact that in such conditions it will grow much slower than in the shade. This will manifest itself in the summer, when by this time the bush will still look short and the inflorescences will be small. It should not be forgotten that the selected place for the cultivation of hydrangea Vanilla Freiz should not contain limestone soil.
You can get the joy of growing this plant, if you choose a plot for planting that meets certain requirements:
- weakly acid or neutral reaction
- fertile and loose structure,
- the presence of organic fertilizers,
- moderate and regular hydration.
A good idea would be growing a hydrangea in a shady place. However, you will have to regularly loosen in the basal zone of hydrangea. If you want to save yourself from such laborious work, you can do it easier and cover the surface layer with a small amount of mulch you have.
Hortensia is one of the most common ornamental plants with which many domestic gardeners are familiar. Many are attracted by the rich color palette in this flower.Not to mention that caring for hydrangea is quite simple.
Very interesting is the variety paniculate hydrangea Vanilla Freise, which has absorbed all the properties of its family. Therefore, when planting this variety, it should be borne in mind that it will be best to bloom only in partial shade. It is also necessary to pay attention to the proper preparation of the site for planting: it must be fertilized so that young saplings can settle down and take root faster.
The flower is a shrub, reaching a height of two meters. The leaves are oval in shape, rough, dark green, the stems of the shrub are red.
This bush looks especially impressive during flowering.. Its large conical inflorescences are able to change their color. Dissolving white, they gradually turn pink with a strawberry shade, and by the autumn their color turns into a rich dark crimson, the top of the inflorescence remains white. Due to the fact that the flowers bloom not at the same time, but in turn, on one bush you can immediately see both white and pink panicles. The flowering period extends from mid-July to late September. Inflorescences copiously cover the spherical crown of the bush, striking splendor and extraordinary refinement of shape and color.
This variety of hydrangeas is often used by gardeners in our country, because, despite the luxurious look, it is not at all capricious and can tolerate frosts down to -28 degrees. In the northern regions, however, it will be useful to cover the above-ground part for the winter.
This variety of hydrangea is used for hedges, mixborders and lawn decoration. It will successfully fit in any garden plot and a cozy courtyard of a private house, and in a public square.
The rules of planting hydrangea Vanilla Fraze
When choosing a place for planting hydrangeas, please note that it is not too demanding of lighting, it can grow in partial shade. But if the sun does not illuminate the plant at all, its inflorescences will be small and pale.
In the southern regions - Rostov, Krasnodar and others, it is preferable to choose areas with penumbra, and where the climate is more severe, it is better to plant in a sunny area.
Hydrangea does not tolerate calcareous soils. If the soil at the landing site is not sour enough, you will have to use special acidifying agents. In addition, the soil should be fertilized with organic matter and a complex of mineral fertilizers. This is done in advance, better in the fall, despite the fact that you need to plant hydrangeas in the spring. If in the fall it was not possible to carry out the preparation, in the spring the period between the preparation of the soil and the planting should be at least twenty days. In the south of the country it is permissible to plant in the fall, until November, if the temperature does not steadily drop below zero. Посадку проводят в следующей последовательности:
- Размечают места для посадочных ям, учитывая размеры будущих кустов (крона взрослого куста в поперечном сечении достигает полутора метров).
- Выкапывают лунки глубиной и диаметром не менее полуметра.
- At the bottom of the hole is placed ten centimeters layer of drainage (expanded clay, broken brick, small stones with sand).
- Prepare the soil for filling holes from humus, peat, sand and sod land, and you can apply a ready-mixed soil for hydrangeas or azaleas.
- The wells are watered and allowed to settle.
- The roots of the sapling are slightly shortened, the sapling is also cut, leaving three or four buds, after which the bush will begin to give new side shoots.
- Planted seedlings of hydrangea, straightening the roots. If the planting material was purchased in a pot, then you need to plant together with an earthy ball. The root collar should not be buried, it should be located at ground level.
- Then the seedling should be watered abundantly and mulched organic mulch.
In the case when planting took place on a sunny hot day, saplings should be applied with a nonwoven covering material or other similar means.
For hydrangea vanilla froze planting and care will not be difficult.
If the plant is not treated properly, lush flowering will not work. But proper care does not mean difficult, it is not difficult to verify this by reading further instructions.
Hydrangea care includes:
- Regular watering. Drying of the soil is unacceptable, and in hot dry weather water consumption for watering hydrangeas reaches thirty liters per bush. It needs to be produced twice a week.
- An indispensable condition for good growth of hydrangeas is loosened soil, so after watering it is necessary to break the soil crust and mulch with peat, humus, crushed pine bark, moss, or fallen conifer needles.
- Crop. It is held annually in spring. This is done not only to form a beautiful crown, but also for the sake of abundant flowering. All shoots are shortened, leaving from two to five buds, the old dried branches cut out completely, as well as the branches growing inside the bush. To maintain the decoration, faded panicles are removed.
- Proper and timely fertilization.
Without dressings to achieve lush flowering is impossible, and improper feeding can only harm. According to the rules, hydrangea is first fed at the end of May. For this purpose, a slurry solution in a concentration of one liter per bucket of water, or a complex of mineral fertilizers intended for hydrangeas, rhododendrons or azaleas, is well suited.
On packagings it should be indicated for which top dressing to apply this complex - spring or summer, these recommendations should be followed. If this plant is the first year of growth, fertilizing is repeated after two weeks, and hydrangeas that have already wintering do not need repeated spring feeding.
In weakly acidic hydrangea soil, acidification is required.. To do this, one of the following means:
- A solution of citric acid in a concentration of one teaspoon per bucket of water. This solution is poured at the root, in addition it makes sense to spray the drug Ferovit.
- Watering with a solution of potassium nitrate, which is carried out two or three times, and three days after watering - irrigation with a solution of iron sulphate.
In mid-June, before the hydrangea begins to bloom, another feed is needed. For her, use herbal infusion or summer complex of mineral fertilizers. It is also a good idea to apply foliar nutrition with a special preparation containing microelements and vitamins that stimulate the growth and flowering of paniculate hydrangea.
In late August - early September, hydrangea needs feeding with superphosphate.
Despite the fact that the flower belongs to frost-resistant varieties, in the first year of its growth it is necessary to cover it before the onset of frost.
Pests and diseases
Hydrangea bushes are not particularly susceptible to diseases and attacks of pests, but since misfortunes sometimes happen, it makes sense to discuss how to solve this problem:
- If aphids or spider mites are noticed, then it is enough just to wash the bush well with soapy water. And when neglected, it should be sprinkled with insecticide.
- When the leaves turn pale, and the veins are still green, the plant lacks iron. To eliminate the deficiency requires treatment with iron-containing agents.
- When black, brown or white spots are found on the foliage, spraying with copper-containing preparations is carried out.
Usually hydrangea Vanilla Fraze breeds cuttings. This event can be held in spring and summer, but earlier cut gears are more likely to take root. From a healthy bush hydrangea cut cuttings in the right quantity, on each of them should be two - three buds. The soil is prepared from sand and the same amount of garden soil. Cuttings are treated with Kornevin or Heteroauxin, planted and watered.
It makes sense to build a mini-greenhouse above them to create a microclimate. After two weeks on the cuttings should sprout new sprouts. For winter, these plantings need to be warmed, and in the spring, in case of luck, transplant the plants to a permanent place.
A flower variety is a beautiful ornamental plant that can look decent on any site. It perfectly tolerates the winter cold, and planting and care are no different from traditional ones.
In landscape design, hydrangeas are perfectly combined with conifers and cypresses, they look good surrounded by ground cover plants. Decorated with flowering bushes of hydrangeas, the garden will be a desirable place for relaxation and fun family gatherings.
The hydrangea is being planted in the fall or spring after the onset of heat, when there is no risk of sudden night frost. The exception is the seedlings with a closed root system - they can be planted at any time, since there is no need to adapt to the new environment. In order to create beauty with your own hands to successfully grow and please with massive flowering, follow the instructions for planting:
- A recess is dug out with dimensions of 50x50 cm; make a depth depending on the degree of development of the root system. Typically, the depth of the pit varies from 30 to 60 cm.
- To create a comfortable microclimate, the bottom of the pit should be watered with 2-3 buckets of water. If the soil in your area is marshy, you will have to lay out the bottom with neutral drainage.
- Hydrangea seedlings are soaked in potassium permanganate for 2 hours to disinfect the roots.
- The fossa is partially filled with prepared soil. You can buy a universal soil or soil for azaleas in a specialized store or to mix the components yourself. Favorable soil is obtained from peat mixed with chernozem, coarse sand and compost (humus). During planting, you can not use fertilizers for hydrangea, it is better to start feeding after adaptation of the bush.
- Place a sapling in the middle of the embankment, distribute the roots evenly and gently cover with soil. The root neck should be approximately at ground level for further growth of shoots. Next, you need to tamp the soil and pour the plant under the root.
- After planting, cover the soil with roots with a layer of mulch from straw, foliage, fallen needles, and peat.
The distance between the neighboring bushes of hydrangea varieties of vanilla must be at least 1 m, otherwise the plants will interfere with each other. After planting, it is recommended to priten young hydrangeas for better rooting.
Care of a grade Vanilla Frajz
The main rule for the active development of shrubs - timely watering. Once a week it is necessary to generously water the hydrangea with separated cold water. In the conditions of dry summer or heat, it will be necessary to water the bushes 2-3 times a week. After drying the surface of the earth should loosen it.
For the formation of large buds and lush flowering, hydrangea requires additional feeding in the form of organic (diluted solution of mullein) and mineral fertilizers with a high content of nitrogen and phosphorus. Fertilizers are effective especially for hydrangeas.
The formation of the bush is performed using annual pruning of the shoots. Tree hydrangea requires shortening the side shoots by 2/3, it is better to remove the inner branches. The main pruning is done in the spring, in the autumn only dry inflorescences are removed. To get large flowers next season, do not cut nearby buds with the inflorescence.
The first flowers are formed almost immediately, but in the first or second year of life, gardeners advise you to pinch off the buds so that the juices go to the growth of shoots. For an adult shrub, it is advisable to carry out a rejuvenation procedure, for which all branches are cut, except for 8-10 young shoots. You can prune only before the start of sap flow.
Hydrangea with proper maintenance is not subject to disease. With an excess of moisture or the sun may cause gray mold or spots on the foliage. Of the pests on the plant sometimes spider mite and aphid attacks.
Breeding methods for the variety Vanille Fraise
Remaining shoots after pruning can be cut into cuttings, last year’s branches and young growth will do. Each stalk will consist of a 12–15 cm long shoot with two paired buds and leaves. Prepare the soil for further deepening, in the meantime send the cuttings to the rooting stimulator. After 2-3 hours, remove the cuttings from the water, remove the lower leaves on each of them, and shorten the upper leaves to 1/3. After planting in the soil, cover the pots with cans or bottles, remembering to air them daily. In a month you will receive ready-made material, ready for transplanting into open ground.
If you are interested in growing Vanilla Freyzi's hydrangea from scratch, in order to experience the full beauty of planting and caring for the plant, try growing a shrub from seed. This is a long process, but there is nothing complicated about it. A full bloom will be ready in 3-4 years.
To obtain seedlings, you can also use the methods of dividing the bush and the assignment of escape from the mother plant. The division is advisable only when transferring the hydrangea to another place, in this case, prepare for a long recovery period. The layering is an escape, dug near the main bush. It is done this way: a shallow incision is made across the vines, which, when instilled, is directed downwards - the roots will start to develop from here. The shoots are left to rest until the next season, a year later in the fall the young plant is separated from the mother bush, now it can be planted separately.
Varietal hydrangea Vanilla Freyz winters in the open field and winters without shelter throughout the middle lane. However, the shrub can freeze with an insufficient layer of snow cover on the soil, so it is recommended to warm the plant for the winter season. Also, young bushes under the age of 5 cover the winter.
For shelter, it is necessary to make a mound of peat around the bush 10 cm thick and gently bend the branches to the ground, securing them with wire. Outside, hydrangea is covered with spruce leaves or straw and covered with polyethylene.
Hydrangea Vanille Fraise harmonizes well and gets on with coniferous crops, cleansing, phlox, highlander. The shrub is ideal as a hedge, amazingly looks like a separate plant in the garden. Unpretentious care, hydrangea can be the center of attention of the site of each gardener.