Lada is a classic variety of pear, which is well acclimatized in any gardens in our country. Due to the huge number of positive qualities, this variety has won fame as the most popular pear.
Lada is recognized as a summer variety, the ripening period is in the middle of August. The average height of a pear is 2.5 m. The tree has a pronounced bob. The crown of his average density, up to three years, it is funnel-shaped, and at the onset of the fruiting period it becomes pyramidal.
Description and history of the appearance of pear varieties Lada
Let's start with a description of the variety. The shoots of a pear are rather long, of medium thickness, slightly curved, in a section - rounded, of a brown tint. Leaves are dark green in color, small in size. The length of the stem is 1.5–2.5 cm, and the stipules fall off in the early stages.
Cupped flowers. There are 5–7 of them in each inflorescence. The fruits are not particularly large, weighing 100-110 g, obovate. Their surface is smooth and shiny. The ripened pear has a yellow color with a pinkish tinge on the sides.. Subcutaneous points are practically invisible. The peduncle of Lada is short, there is no funnel. The flesh is whitish yellow in color, grainy, medium density and not particularly juicy. The taste of the fruit is sour-sweet without a pronounced flavor.
Variety Lada brought academicians Chizhov and Potapov. This pear was the result of crossing Olga and Forest Beauty varieties. In 1993, the Lada pear variety was entered into the State Register in the Central, Central Black Earth and Middle Volga regions. The most famous Lada acquired in the Moscow region.
Advantages and disadvantages
Lada has many advantages, which include:
- skoroplodnost - pear for 2-4 years from the time of budding brings a full harvest,
- winter hardiness - even young trees that were planted in the fall are able to winter without shelter,
- high resistance to most diseases - Lada resistant to scab and bacterial burn.
Of the minuses of this variety note:
- short period of fruit storage - only 55–65 days at 0 ° C,
- low transportability - pears do not have good resistance to transportation.
When planting seedlings of no small importance is the time of year. It is best to plant a pear in the spring. In the autumn, this should not be done, because of the likely weak formation of roots in the autumn-winter season.
Lada is not particularly demanding when choosing a soil, so it can grow almost anywhere. However, to increase the yield is better to use for planting soil with drainage or chernozem.
The selected area is pre-digged and fertilizers are applied: compost, potash salt and superphosphate.
Dimensions of the recess for the seedling should be larger than the size of the rhizome, so that the tree is freely located during planting. In most cases, the depth is 70 cm and the diameter is 100 cm.
When immersed, the plants in the pit control that the root collar necessarily looks 5–7 cm, and the roots gently straighten and sprinkle with the ground where the seedling is grown. At the last stage of planting, the soil near the pear is well compacted and watered, and a small amount of manure or humus is poured around the plant. At the end of all the actions, the tree trunk is carefully tied to the dug cola.
Fruiting pear tree Lada
The pear is often watered only during periods of prolonged drought, because very frequent irrigation damages the root system and provokes all sorts of diseases of this variety. The plant may even die completely due to an overabundance of moisture. Watering is carried out abundantly, 2-3 buckets of water under one tree. Also, pear moisture is needed at the beginning of summer when fruits are poured.
In early spring, the tree is fed with nitrogenous fertilizers. This is done when the snow melts and dry weather sets.
Dried and damaged branches that appear after the winter time, cut off. The stem of a tree trunk is usually treated with red lead or lime.
In the autumn, mineral fertilizers are used. They are added in October. In winter, the pear also needs proper care. It is necessary to ensure that when warming sleet does not stick to the branches of the tree. The weight of the snow layer can easily break thin branches. Stamps do not cover, because the pear has a high frost resistance.
Pruning pears Lada carried out twice a year: in spring and autumn. Unnecessary twigs are cut, very long ones make shorter pruners with a sharp sheath, so as not to cause a lot of damage to the fruit plant. Then the cut sites are treated with garden putty.
Productivity in an adult Lada tree
Terms of ripening and harvesting
Lada is a skoropplodny grade of the early period of maturing. With proper care and regular pruning, fruits appear for 3-4 years after planting. The first pears are harvested in early August, and the main harvest comes in the second half of this month. An adult tree brings about 50 kg of fruit annually.
Pears are firmly attached to the stem and fall off only when fully ripe. Due to this, it is possible to harvest in mid-September, when the pear fruit will become amber-golden color and make a blush.
The storage conditions for pears are as follows: a darkened room, a positive temperature of 1–4 ° C, humidity - not less than 85% and good ventilation. Fruits gently put in plastic boxes or wooden boxes. Spread the fruit in the selected container layers, which are separated with thin clean paper or dry straw. Do not create more than two layers.
Fruits of Lada pears are stored for 2–2.5 months. In addition, pears can be kept in the sand. When laying in wooden boxes, layers of fruit are sprinkled with sand. Thus, the fruits will be able to hold out until November.
Protection of an adult tree from diseases and pests
Lada has good resistance to scab and bacterial burn. But it is impossible to exclude the probability of infection with these diseases, as well as other diseases and insect pests.
Pest control begin before the period of sap flow. To do this, in one bucket of water 700 g of urea is dissolved and the stem and ground are treated around the pear.
Collected Lada pears, ready to eat and store
This event destroys all the pests that successfully endured the winter cold and frost on the plant.
But if you treat the pear with this solution later, then the swelling kidneys will burn.
To avoid diseases such as scab, bacterial burn, fruit rot, powdery mildew and rust should follow certain rules namely:
- Spray the tree three times in a period from the start of bud breakage to the ripening of all fruits, regardless of the presence of the disease.
- Remove dead foliage on time and remove weeds.
- Prevent excessive aridity or excessive moisture content in the soil.
The pests of this variety are: gall mite, pear sucker, aphid, moth and tstern beetle.
Basic measures for pest control:
- The most effective here are the planned processing of special solutions against parasites.
- The destruction of weeds is mandatory, as they are carriers of various pests.
- Regular and careful observation of the appearance of the trunk, branches and leaves on the pear.
Despite the fact that the variety was bred relatively recently, Lada has already become widespread in most Russian regions.
Such a popularity of this type of pear is promoted by its ability to take root in areas with low and changeable temperatures, unpretentiousness to care, and significant yield indicators. Since Lada belongs to the early ripening varieties, it is not necessary to wait long for the moment to enjoy the tasty and juicy fruits.
Representation and characterization of a variety
Lada appeared as a result of crossing Olga and Forest Beauty varieties, from the initial varieties she got the best signs. And it practically has no flaws, but let's say about it below.
A tree in an adult state reaches two-, three-meter height, its crown is pyramidal, of average density and foliage. Lada has a pronounced shtamb, does not give shoots. Leaflets of the correct form, dark green, pointed from the ends, elastic.
Cup-shaped flowers (5-7 pieces) are located on the brush, the color of the petals is traditionally white with a yellow center.
Small fruits grow on short (15-25 mm.) Stalks, the weight of one pear is on average 100 grams (70-120 gr.). Fruit obovate, characteristic of all plants of this genus.
The surface of the fetus is smooth, pleasant to the touch. Ripe specimens are yellow with a pink "side." Inside the fruit there is no obvious core, 3-5 grains. The flesh is fine-grained, medium density and juiciness. The taste of pear Lada sweet-sour, the aroma is not too pronounced.
Keep in mind! Because of its low density, the fruit of pears do not have good keeping quality.
This variety is self-fertile. It can grow on your plot and alone, but it will become more fruitful in the presence of other pears on the plot. These trees are pears Chizhovskaya, Rogneda or Muscovite.
When do fruits appear
Lada ripens in August, it is early maturing, in September it reaches the peak of fruiting. We were convinced that this fruit tree is very fruitful. The first pears appeared on a four-year-old sapling, and ten years later, the annual volume of fruits taken was from 30 to 100 kilograms (depending on weather conditions).
What is this variety good for and what are its disadvantages
- Winter hardiness Both young and adult trees are well immune to cold. Able to tolerate frosts of central Russia, do not require shelter.
- Skoroplodnost. It starts early to bear fruit, already in 2-4 years of age.
- Early ripeness and self-pollination.
- Productivity is high, on average 50 kilograms.
- Fruits are not massively showered.
- Resistance to diseases of fruit trees.
Conditionally negative qualities are low ability to be stored (up to 2 months), as well as poor transportability.
Great grade! As you can see, the positive qualities clearly outweigh. You will fully provide your family with fresh tasty fruits and preparations from them.
We plant correctly
For a fruit tree, choose an open place, well ventilated, sunny or slightly shaded. From buildings and other landings should be at least 3 meters. Preferred is the south side of the garden or a plot near the southeast wall of the house.
Buy seedlings in a special nursery, their age should not exceed 2-3 years. An important condition: buy a tree with closed roots (with a lump of earth), so it will take root much better.
Planting dates - either spring or autumn. In the second case, it is better to remove the leaves. Lada grows in different parts of the country, respectively, and the soil can be any: loam or black soil.
Tip! In the pit it is better to equip the drainage and fill it with a light, loose mixture.
If you plan to plant a pear in the spring - take care of the site under it in the autumn. For this you need to make compost or humus, potash-phosphorus mixtures under digging.
Sequentially perform the following actions:
- Dig a hole that should be substantially larger than the root system. Dimensions are - depth 60-70 centimeters, and width (diameter) - not less than 1 meter,
- At the bottom we pour broken brick or pebbles, then we put sand, the next layer is sod soil with humus,
- Put a seedling, sprinkle with earth, leaving the root neck on the surface (4-7 centimeters above the level),
- Ram and water the landing site. Water needs 2-3 buckets,
- Mulch the space around the trunk with humus.
If possible, tie the plant stem to a previously dug peg. This will allow the tree to form correctly and grow vertically.
How to care
It is not necessary to water the pears often, but plentifully. Especially Lada needs water when the fruits are poured and drought is worth.
Dangerously! To create overmoistening to a tree means to subject it to diseases and even death.
After the snow melt, add nitrogen fertilizer under the pear, you can put manure. In the autumn it is desirable to please the pear with mineral fertilizers.
During the long snowy winter, the branches of a plant can be damaged: break or dry. Cut all the unsuitable shoots, and shtambe shtam chalk or lime, and red lead (iron oxide) will do. Places of cuts (held with a sharp instrument) are lubricated with garden pitch.
Diseases and pests
Pear Lada is a disease resistant hybrid. Of course, no plant can be fully protected.
From pests! Before sap flow, as soon as the snow melts, process the trunk and the space around the tree with a solution of urea. Later, this manipulation is no longer carried out, in order to avoid burns.
Prevent the occurrence of scab and bacterial burn, rust and powdery mildew, you can preventive measures. They will be effective from the parasites - pear sucker and aphids, moth and tsvetoedov.
- Be sure to spray the pear tree with special preparations three times during the growing season. Whether contaminated or not, it doesn't matter
- Regularly removing weeds and dead leaves is a good breeding ground for bacteria and pests,
- Periodic inspection of appearance
- It is bad if the near-dry space dries out, and the stagnation of water is also unfavorable.
Description of pear varieties Lada
Lada variety obtained through breeding varieties Olga and Forest beauty. The bred variety was entered in the State Register in 1993. Today, the variety is actively cultivated in the Moscow region and Moscow, in the central and middle part of Russia.
Trees varieties sredneroslye, maximum height of an adult plant - 3 meters. In young trees, the crown resembles a funnel, as it grows, it changes and becomes cone-shaped. Crohn middle density, which is quite good simplifies care. The bark of gray color, the young shoots are brown. The branches are round and long. The leaves are green, slightly elongated, in shape they are oval. Pears of this variety have small buds and flowers, usually not more than 5 flowers in the inflorescence. Lada blooms in late May.
Pears fully ripen in August. Harvest should be collected immediately, as the flesh of the overripe fruit becomes loose and quickly deteriorates. Ripe pears oblong-elongated, somewhat like an egg. They are small in size, the weight of one fruit is 100-110 grams. The skin is smooth, delicate and thin, but subcutaneous inclusions are not visible.
Fruits are pale yellow, with a slight blush on the side. The aroma is barely perceptible, the flesh is very juicy, it is dense in structure. The flesh may be cream or white. Tasters estimate the taste of the fruit at 4.3 out of 5 and characterize the taste as sweet-sour. And for the presentation Lada received a grade of 5.
The breed is partially self-bearing, even without pollinating trees, it will still be a good fruit. The first crop is usually harvested 3-4 years after planting seedlings in open ground. But there are cases when the pear begins to bear fruit 2 years after planting.
This variety stably fruits, gardeners each year collect up to 60 kg of fruit. Ripe pears are not showered for a very long time. You can eat pears immediately in fresh form. Under all storage conditions, pears can be stored for two months. An important condition for preservation is the correct temperature regime, which must be in the range of 0 to 5 degrees.
Description of the advantages and disadvantages of the variety
This variety has more advantages than disadvantages. Breeders have the following main advantages:
- precocity of fruits
- good yield
- frost resistance
- resistance to scab and other diseases
- adaptability to any weather conditions
- unpretentious care.
The disadvantages of selection include:
- ripe pears are not recommended to be transported (they do not tolerate transportation quite well),
- for all its simplicity, the plant is demanding on the composition of the soil and fertilizers (improper care may adversely affect the yield).
Conditions for planting pear Lada
In open ground, the plant can be planted in early autumn or spring, when there are no sub-zero temperatures. For good rooting of seedlings need to choose the right place and prepare the soil. Conditions for planting pear Lada:
- Pollinators. As noted above, this variety belongs to partially self-fertile. In order to improve the ovary and increase the number of fruits, trees should be additionally pollinated with special pollinators, combined pollen. But also the pear can be planted next to such varieties as Rogneda, Chizhovskaya, Severyanka, Cosmic and Otradnenskaya.
- Selection of seedlings. When choosing planting material should be given preference zoned two-year seedlings. It is better to buy them in special nurseries or garden stores. The branches and the trunk of the seedling should be without mechanical damage, and the root system without dry roots. But also on the trunk there should be 7–8 well-developed branches, from which the main frame of the tree will then be formed.
- The choice of location and soil. The best place for planting is the south-eastern and southern part of the garden. Холодных и сильных ветров груша не любит, поэтому на выбранном участке не должны присутствовать сквозняки. Желательно, чтобы в месте посадки было достаточно солнечного света.The optimal soil for pears is chernozem or loam with neutral acidity. Strongly clayey soils do not fit. The height of groundwater should not exceed 2 meters.
Site preparation and Lada pear planting
The site before the autumn planting is prepared in late August. At the site should be evenly scattered:
- compost - 7 kg,
- superphosphate - 50 gr,
- potassium salt (per 1 sq. m.) - 25 gr.
Then the prepared area is dug up to the depth of the shovel bayonet.
For spring planting pear seedlings will need a landing pit, which is prepared in the fall. To do this, dig a ditch with a diameter of 130 cm and a depth of 80 cm. The soil is fertilized with the following dressings:
- ash - 700 gr,
- dolomite - 600 gr,
- compost or semi-trough manure - 10 kg,
- Azofosk - 300 gr.
The resulting soil mixture is sprinkled with a pit.
Before planting, the roots of the seedling should be soaked for 2 hours in water, and then immersed in a clay mash. The stages of planting pear seedlings:
- In a pit (prepared in advance) they dig a hole 70 cm deep and 1 meter in diameter.
- At the bottom of the pit they loosen the ground and break 10 eggs. Eggs will provide the sapling with nutrients in the first year of growth.
- In the center of the pit drive a peg (wooden).
- Lower the seedling into the pit. The root neck should be above 6 cm above the level of the pit.
- Roots gently straighten and sprinkle with soil. The soil is carefully tamped.
- Near the trunk they form a small earthen mound, so that the root collar does not descend deep into the soil during sediment.
- Then the seedling is watered with three buckets of water, and after the hole is mulched.
Lada pear care after planting
Care Lada pear is in the right watering, feeding and pruning. Timely carried out these activities will allow the fruit tree to develop properly, which will further affect the quality and quantity of the crop.
With the help of trimming form the crown, as well as it helps to ensure uniform illumination of the tree. This event is carried out in the spring before the bud breaks or in the autumn before the first frost.
Immediately after disembarking, the first trimming is performed. The central shoot should be shortened by ¼ of its length. Then, 4 well-developed branches are selected, which are cut to 20 cm. In a year, the main root is shortened by 20–25 cm, and branches are cut to 6-7 cm. Moreover, the upper shoots are made shorter than the lower, which grow at an obtuse angle - long. In the following years pruning is to remove damaged branches and overgrowth, as well as thinning the crown.
It is important to remember that sections more than 1.5 cm in diameter should smear garden pitch (50 grams of resin, 250 grams of grease and 200 grams of wax).
Lada variety does not tolerate drought, so you need to be more careful when watering. Young trees (up to 3-4 years) should be watered as the soil dries. Systematic irrigation depends on the condition of the tree and weather conditions. Therefore, during this period the plant is watered once a week. It will take 20 liters of water per 1 square meter of the trunk area.
Throughout the growing season, the tree is watered twice - before and after flowering. Watering can be done in two ways:
- Sprinkling. Watering occurs with the help of sprayers (rotating), which evenly spray water in the form of droplets.
- The use of grooves. To do this, dig a small hole (20 cm deep) around the tree and pour water there.
Feed the pear Lada need 2 years after planting. Three year old trees fertilized only around the wheel circle. After pear fruiting, fertilizing is introduced into the aisle as follows (for one tree):
- for pears aged 4–12 years, potassium 6 g / m² and phosphorus 4 g / m² will be needed,
- for a tree of 12–20 years, phosphorus will need 6 g / m² and potassium 8 g / m²,
- for pears older than 20 years, the norm of phosphorus will be 8 g / m² and potassium 12 g / m².
Fertilizers need to be made before flowering (spring) and before frosts (autumn). Make a top dressing when loosening the soil in the near-ground circle, and then dredging 10 cm.
Whitewashing and mulching
Before winter, the skeletal branches and the trunk must be whitened, so the tree will be protected from rodents. To prepare the solution will require:
- water - 10 liters,
- copper sulphate - 500 ml,
- lime - 2.5 kg.
For the whitewash procedure, use an ordinary paint brush.
Soil mulching will help protect the root system from freezing. Sawdust or grass is well suited for this purpose. The mulch needs to be laid in a layer of 20 cm.
Disease prevention and pest control
Variety of pears Lada It has excellent resistance to scab and bacterial burns. But still, it is impossible to exclude the infection of a tree with these and other diseases, pests.
Start pest control should be before the period of sap flow. To this end, the soil and the trunk are treated with a solution. The solution is prepared on the basis of one bucket of water with the addition of 700 grams urea. This procedure destroys all insect pests that were able to survive the frosty winter. To carry out such a procedure during the swelling of the kidneys can not be, because the solution can burn them.
To prevent diseases such as fruit rotscab powdery mildew, bacterial burn, rust you need to follow some rules:
- Regardless of the presence of the disease, it is necessary to spray the tree three times during the period from bud break to fruit ripening.
- It is necessary to regularly clean fallen leaves and remove weeds.
- It is not necessary to allow strong waterlogging or drying of the soil.
The main pests varieties Lada include pear sucker, gall mite, aphid, tsvetoeda and moth moth. The fight against these pests is in the following measures:
- Planned and prophylactic treatment with special anti-parasite products.
- Mandatory removal of weeds, because they are the main pest peddlers.
- Regular and thorough inspection of all parts of the fruit tree.
What kind is it?
Skoroplodny grade with high productivity and resistance to scab. Fruits of universal purpose, suitable for processing and for fresh consumption.
When the pear tree “Lada” ripens and when to harvest? The terms of ripening pear "Lada" are early summer, its fruits before all will delight you with juicy and tasty fruits.
Fruits keep firmly on the stalk and are not prone to shedding, therefore, harvesting Lada pears is possible in mid-September, as soon as they become amber-golden in color and a blush appears.
Among the summer varieties should pay attention to the Cathedral, Victoria, Krasnobokuyu and Lyubimitsu Yakovlev.
Breeding history and breeding region
The variety has a recent history and owes its birth to the Agricultural Academy, which is located in Moscow. Employees received a new look, by crossing two varieties "Forest Beauty" and "Olga".
The characteristics of the resulting tree exceeded expectations in their performance. Since 1993, the variety "Lada" has been recorded in the state register.
Received widespread in the Moscow region, and is also actively grown in Central, Volga and Central Black Earth regions.
Pear variety "Lada" its full description and photo of the fruit later in the article.
Pear "Lada": description of the variety and photos
The height of an adult pear tree "Lada" reaches medium size with a small density of crown and foliage. Young seedlings differ from mature trees in the funnel-shaped crown, which becomes pyramidal with age.
The main stem of the trunk is gray, while the skeletal branches are lighter. The shoots are long, with a pronounced brown tinge, a slight curvature, the cross section is rounded. Short sections of the stem in internodes and relatively small thickness of shoots. Chechevichek on the trunk a bit and they are not very pronounced.
The shape of the leaves is pointed, ovate-elongated. The surface of the sheet is shiny matt, while the back side is more matte and rough. The sheet plate itself is of medium thickness and very elastic.
Vegetative buds in the form of a cone, slightly pointed and elongated at the end. Over the course of time, the most round and deviated bud begins to develop corymbose inflorescences.
Usually they have 5-7 buds, consisting of large flowers, whole petals and a bright corolla.
Fruits do not differ in large size, their maximum weight is about 120 g. The shape of the fruit is beautiful, typical of most pears.
Smooth and thin skin has a light yellow color with a delicate red blush.
Typical subcutaneous points are almost invisible. The rust is weak, barely perceptible only at the base of the stem. The funnel is absent, the stem is short and medium in thickness. The fruit has 5-7 brown, medium sized seeds.
The light yellow flesh of the fruit has a loose structure and an average juice content. The taste is sweet with a slight sourness, without a strong aroma. Fruit tastes are high, average score of about 4.7 points.
Characteristics of the properties of pear Lada variety:
For more information about the variety and see the pears "Lada" can be in the photo below:
"Lada" is considered samoplodnym grade.
The presence of any of these varieties at the site significantly increases the yield and quality of the fruit.
Variety "Lada" is considered skoroplodnysince already for 2–4 years after planting, it is able to produce a good harvest.
Mature tree with proper care and regular pruning on average brings about 50 kg of pears every year.
High yields bring such varieties of pears: Hera, Noyabrskaya, In memory of Zhegalov and Yakovlevskaya.
Winter hardiness varieties at a high level. Trees in winter you can not even coversince it is not required at all. Given the overall thermophilicity of this culture, such resistance to low temperatures is rare.
The winter-hardy varieties include pears: Sverdlovchanka, Fairy Tale, Uralochka and Svarog.
Planting and care
When planting seedlings must take into account the time of year. Ideal if you plant a young tree in the spring. It is not recommended to plant in the autumn, because of possible weak rooting in the autumn-winter period.
The variety is not very whimsical to the choice of soil, therefore, distributed almost everywhere. But the most favorable soils for growing Lada are black earth, forest and loamy.
Before planting, organic fertilizers should be applied to the pit, such as compost, potassium salt and superphosphateand then loosen the soil well.
The dimensions of the pit should somewhat exceed the size of the rhizome, so that the plant is freely located during planting. The approximate dimensions of the pit 70x100, respectively, the depth and diameter.
The root neck when planting must necessarily look at 5-7 cm, and root shoots are neatly straightened and sprinkled with the ground in which the seedlings were grown.
At the final stage, the ground around the tree is compacted and watered abundantly. Around it is necessary to pour a little manure or humus. After all that has been done, the trunk of the tree should be carefully tied to a peg previously dug in.
The tree should often be watered only during periods of prolonged drought, because too frequent watering can damage the root system and cause various diseases. Up to the complete destruction of the plant. Watering should be carried out abundantly, two or three buckets of water under one tree.
In the spring, after wintering the plant, it is necessary to feed it with nitrogen fertilizers.. This should be done after the snow melts and the weather is dry.
Dry or damaged branches that form after the winter period are removed. The stem part of the stem is processed mainly with iron oxide or lime.
In the fall, mineral fertilizers are best suited.that contribute in October. The period of hibernation also requires care. It is necessary to ensure that during the thaw the sleet does not stick to the branches.
The severity of the snowy icy cover can easily break thin branches. Shelter trunk for the winter is not required this type of pear, because of his high frost resistance.
Pear cutting is done twice a year, in spring and autumn. Extra branches are removed completely, shortened too long with a sharp pruner to cause the tree as little damage as possible.
Places of cuts are processed with special garden putty.
History and description of Lada pear
Lada is an early summer pear variety. Obtained at the Moscow Agricultural Academy named after KA Timiryazev as a result of crossing Olga and Forest Beauty varieties. Authorship is assigned to the Russian breeders S. T. Chizhov and S. P. Potapov. The variety is entered in the State Register in 1993 in the Central, Central Black Earth and Middle Volga regions. Widely distributed in the Moscow region.
Crohn at a young age funnel-shaped, with fruiting - pyramidal
Tree srednerosly, height of an adult pear no more than 3 m. Crohn before fruiting funnel, during fruiting - in the form of a cone. Leafiness and density average. Bark of a trunk and branches gray. Lada fructifies on annual and perennial branches. Crop harvested at the end of summer.
The shoots are brown, long, medium thickness, rounded in cross section. Internodes short, without pubescence, lentils small, few. Buds dark brown, cone-shaped, slightly deviated. The leaves are elongated oval, green. The lower and upper surface of the sheet without pubescence. The flowers are small, cupped, the closeness of the petals is average. Inflorescences in the form of a corymboid brush, consisting of 5–7 flowers. The buds are white.
Light yellow fruit with a diffuse light red blush on the sunny side
Fruits are obovate, weighing 90–110 g, the surface is smooth. The skin is a thin, light yellow color with a slight reddish blush. The rust is weak, visible only in the stalk. Subcutaneous points are almost invisible. The stem is short, medium thickness. Each fruit has less than five brown seeds. The flesh is white with a yellow or cream shade, sweet-sour taste, the aroma is weak. The structure of the pulp is fine-grained, juicy, dense. The difference of the fruits - an attractive appearance.
There are quite a few early summer varieties of pears. The most approximate in terms of the characteristics of the development and quality of the fruit are Lada-Chizhovskaya and Rogneda.
Pear Lada is early maturing, therefore it ripens by mid-August. The tree is characterized by a crown of medium height, it can be in the shape of a funnel or a pyramid. The number of shoots is small, so the crown is medium-dense. The height of the Lada pear tree is on average about 2.5 m.
The leaves have a dark green color with a slight shine. In shape, they resemble an oval. For the period of flowering, the pear begins to become covered with white cruciform inflorescences.
The yield of this variety is quite high, but the size of the fruit is small. The maximum weight of a pear can be about 110 g. The ripened fruit has a shiny and smooth skin. She is thin and has a yellow color.
Due to the high sugar content, ripe fruits have a good taste. There is a slight sourness. The pulp is granular, the pear has average power. The fragrance is very subtle and almost elusive. Just cutting the fruit, you can feel the light sweet aroma.
Recommendations for planting and care
It is recommended to plant young trees in spring. It is better not to carry out planting in the autumn, as the plant may not have time to take root and will die due to severe weather conditions.
Seedlings are best purchased in special nurseries that guarantee quality. It should be noted that the trees should not be older than 2 years. Otherwise, they may not settle down.
It is best to plant a young pear in chernozem or forest and loamy soils. Fertilizers are applied to the pit before planting.: compost, potassium salt and superphosphate. After that, the soil should be well loosened.
The size of the landing pit should be several times larger than the size of the rhizome itself. The best option is 70x100 cm. In order to form a flat and regular crown, it is recommended to install a peg next to the seedling, which will protrude 60 cm from the ground.
When planting, you need to pay attention to the fact that the root neck should peek out at 5-7 cm. The root shoots should be gently straightened throughout the pit and sprinkled with earth. The final stage of planting - ramming the land and abundant watering. Around the seedling need to pour manure or humus. The stem of a young tree should be carefully tied to a peg so that it does not deform during growth.
The pear should be watered only during periods of drought., because an excessive amount of moisture can harm the plant: the root system will start to rot or diseases will occur, leading to the complete death of the tree. For watering one tree requires 2−3 buckets of water.
Top dressing is recommended in the spring. Nitrogen fertilizers are perfect for this. You can make them as soon as the snow melts and it will be dry.
It should be pruned periodically. Removed dry and damaged branches. The stem part of the stem is processed with lime or iron red lead. Mineral-based fertilizers are recommended to be applied in autumn, approximately in October.
During hibernation, the plant also needs care. It is necessary to ensure that the snow does not stick to the branches, otherwise they become very heavy and break. За счёт того, что сорт является морозоустойчивым, штамб не нужно укрывать на зиму. Но это относится к зрелым растениям.
Молодые груши могут быть чувствительными к морозам, поэтому их нужно правильно подготовить к зимнему периоду и низким температурам. To prevent frostbite, plants that are not yet 4 years old should be wrapped in paper.
To protect the root system from freezing, you need to mulch the soil. Sawdust is perfect for this, their layer should be about 15-20 cm.
Diseases and pests
In the characteristic of the Lada pear, it is indicated that it is resistant to scab and bacterial burn. However, there is a chance to be infected with other, no less dangerous for the plant, diseases and pests.
Pest control must begin before sap flow begins. For wood processing should be prepared a special mixture. Dissolve about 700 g of urea in a bucket of water, process the stem and the ground around it with the resulting composition. Such a simple manipulation will help destroy the pests that were able to survive the winter. However, if the treatment is carried out during the period of swelling of the kidneys, the composition may cause them to burn.
Prevention of diseases such as fruit rot, rust, powdery mildew, bacterial burn and scab is to comply with the following recommendations:
- Starting with the period of blooming buds and ending with the ripening of fruits, hold 3 sprays.
- Remove all weeds and fallen leaves in a timely manner.
- Watering should be moderate. The soil should not be overdried or too moist.
In addition to diseases, the pear can be threatened by various pests. Most often it is a pear sucker, flower beetle, aphid, gall mite or moth. To prevent their occurrence, it is necessary to periodically carry out routine processing with the help of special solutions. Weeds are one of the main pest peddlers, so they must be constantly cleaned.
Pear Lada appeared relatively recently, but already managed to catch the fancy of many gardeners. This is not surprising, since this variety combines high yields, unpretentiousness in care and cold resistance.
Pear Lada grows in our garden for a long time, and every year we have a big harvest. The main advantage of this variety is its early maturity. The fruit is medium in size, there is no pronounced smell, but the taste is very pleasant, with a slightly sour taste.
My husband and I decided to renew the garden, plant new varieties. I chose for a long time what to plant, and stopped on a pear of the Lada variety. His full characterization bribed me. I especially liked the fact that these trees begin to bear fruit very quickly. I hope that in a few years I will manage to harvest the first harvest.
We have a few Lada pear trees in our garden. By themselves, at least small, but very tasty. I use them both fresh and for making jam. This variety is quite unpretentious in the care. It is enough to periodically spray and remove weeds.