Our ancestors believed that geranium drives away evil spirits and protects the home. This flower can be used as a medicinal plant. But most often the geranium is bred for the sake of lush flowers. Specialists willingly share simple secrets of caring for this plant, answering the question: why is geranium not blooming?
Geranium (Pelargonium) Homeland - South Africa. In Europe, the flower appeared in the XVI century, it was brought to Russia in the XVIII century. Usually geranium blooms from May to October. Such a long flowering period attracts flower growers. When creating favorable conditions, you can make pelargonium bloom in winter.
Each room variety has its own characteristics:
- Zone geranium. It received its name for the coloring of the leaves, on which dark circles are placed, dividing the surface into separate zones with different colors. Zonal geranium blooms with small white, red, pink flowers. They quickly fall off, but others are blooming to replace them, so the impression of continuous flowering is created.
Zone geranium got its name for the sectional color of leaves
Fragrant geranium leaves exude a strong fragrance
Royal geranium is an unsurpassed beauty among all kinds of plants
Why does not bloom pelargonium
Geranium is unpretentious, but in case of violation of certain growing conditions, it refuses to bloom. The most common reasons for this are:
- Rare feeding. The plant is demanding for potash fertilizers, and practically it does not need organic ones.
- Frequent or heavy watering. The excess of moisture does not tolerate geranium. It is easier for her to tolerate drought than to swim in water.
- The pot does not match the plant. A large amount of soil causes the plant to build up the root system, and the flowering to postpone. If the sprout is small, then several shoots can be planted in one container. Neighbors will help to quickly cope with the task of filling the pot with roots and moving to flowering.
- The bush has not been cut for a long time. Without timely pruning (spring or autumn) flowering can not wait.
- Bad light. Geranium does not like the north or north-western window sills. She begins to reach up, trying to catch an extra ray of sunshine. Therefore, it is necessary to change the location of the plant. We need to make sure that geranium is not close to the big and bushy neighbors.
- Wrong wintering conditions. Ideal conditions for winter flower maintenance: a cool room (up to 15 o C degrees), no drafts, moderate watering and lighting at least 5 hours a day.
How to make geranium bloom
It also happens: everything is done correctly, but there were no colors, and no. You can try shock therapy. Nature is so arranged that any living creature seeks to continue the race when there is a threat to life. Therefore it is worth trying to create unfavorable conditions for pelargonium so that it hurries to bloom and preserve its genus. To do this, you can use several methods:
- Radical spring pruning, when leaving a minimum of eyes (2 or 3).
- Organization of cool and hungry wintering.
- Summer transfer from the room to the garden or to the balcony.
- Increased levels of iodine.
Geranium does not like to move around the rooms from one sill to another. When the first buds appear, it is better not to touch the pelargonium and leave it in the same place. Even turn to the sun in other ways can not, the plant can reset inflorescences.
In order for the geranium to blossom, you can try to create unfavorable conditions for it.
Conditions for lush flowering at home
A few simple tricks for lush geranium flowering:
- Watering the plants. Pelargonium should be moistened as the topsoil dries. In sunny weather or at high room temperature, you can water it at least every day. On cloudy and cool days it is better to irrigate 1-2 times a week. Geranium more easily tolerates a lack of moisture than its surplus. Understand that the plant is watered excessively, simply: the geranium withers leaves, they appear gray bloom, and then rot. Then the base of the stem turns black, the roots are affected. If at the first signs of trouble you can save the bush, stopping the constant access of water, then at the last stage the geranium dies.
- Observance of temperature. If the geranium is in a room with air temperatures below 15 ° C degrees, the plant "falls asleep". The dormant state will continue until conditions more suitable for flowering. In winter, if the geranium is provided rest until spring days, this state allows you to gather strength for the next long flowering.
- Good lighting. Sunlight stimulates bud formation. In the house for the geranium a window sill is suitable on the south side. In summer, in a garden under a bush, it is necessary to allocate a sunny place with a shadow of midday rays. If the stem of pelargonium is bare, then it gives a signal of a lack of light.
- Selection of the pot and soil. Capacity should not be large. The smaller it is, the faster the geranium will begin to bloom. The soil must be composed of a mixture of turf and leaf soil, add humus and sand.
- Ostuststvo spraying. Geranium does not like water treatments. Gardener such a requirement plants only on hand: no need to spend a lot of time on care.
Room Beauty Trimming Rules
A prerequisite for abundant and long flowering geranium is pruning. It should be carried out in compliance with certain rules.
- The formation of a decorative bush should begin immediately after the rooting of the germ. To do this, pinching the main shoot stop its growth. The plant produces side shoots and stalks along the entire length of the trunk.
- Cutting is carried out with a sharp knife at the level of the sheet bed. The tool should be disinfected: boil, treat with alcohol, ignite. Must be clean and hand grower.
- It is worth paying attention to the location of the stems during pruning. All the branches turned in the middle of the plant are ruthlessly removed to form a lush bush of beautiful shape without thickening in the center.
- The cut sites are treated with cinnamon or charcoal powder to prevent pathogens of fungal diseases from entering the fresh wounds.
Pruning in the fall
After flowering is completed, autumn geranium pruning is carried out. It is carried out in the following order:
- Remove velvety inflorescences, withered leaves and stems.
- Determine what form it is better to give the bush to choose shoots for cutting.
- Remove too long as well as bare stems. Trimming is done at the lower node. If you wish, you can leave a small stump over the node, so that later fresh growth will emerge from it and close this place.
- Preparing geraniums for wintering, it is recommended to remove a third of the length of the main stem.
- Pruning is prohibited in the winter months when the plant is at rest. At this time, it is permissible to pinch the shoots when the fifth kidney appears.
Prepared in the fall and favorably wintered pelargonium will be all spring, summer and autumn to please the owner with abundant flowering.
How to prune in spring
Pruning in the spring is considered mandatory, as it helps the bush to change greens and form a set of flower stalks. A small nuance: spring pinching and pruning inhibit the onset of flowering for several weeks. But the flowers are larger.
Spring pruning comes at the end of February and the beginning of March. A large plant is pruned a bit. Deep pruning will lead to long-term restoration of foliage and can prevent the flowering of geraniums this season. It is enough to remove diseased and bare stems. You can experiment above small bushes: trim any shape. It is important to leave at least two kidneys.
Spring pruning helps the bush to change greens and form a set of flower stalks
Shtambova geranium formation
Geranium does not have to be a compact bush. From pelargonium, you can create a great stam tree. It looks unusual: a bare trunk with a height of more than 1 m, topped with a flowering bouquet.
For the stem view, the geranium removes all side shoots. The central trunk is tied to a vertical support, after reaching the desired height it is pinched. All lateral branches are again removed from the plant, leaving the top five shoots. Each of them pinch after the appearance of the fourth kidney. Inflorescences form a large blooming ball. But with this method of cutting geranium bloom only after a year.
Standard geranium can compete on an equal footing with a rose
How to feed the geranium for its abundant flowering
Already in March, plants need to stop feeding with nitrogen fertilizers, which stimulate the growth of green mass. For good flowering requires phosphate fertilizers. In addition, they increase the resilience of the plant. A good dressing is the extract of superphosphate. You can use special formulations for indoor plants, for example, "Ideal". During the flowering period should be fed every two weeks, in the winter period of rest - once in all winter. If the plant continues to bloom in the winter, without falling into a state of rest, it is necessary to fertilize in the "summer" mode.
In the first year after transplantation into fresh soil, top dressing is not required, the plant will have enough nutrients.
For good flowering geranium requires phosphate fertilizers
Florists are advised to give pelargonium in small doses of potash fertilizer. At home, the ideal supplier of potassium will be an ash extract. For this, 1 tbsp. l wood ash pour 1 liter of water, insist during the day and drain. 1 tbsp. l extract diluted in water and water the plant.
Another important element for the abundant flowering of pelargonium - iodine. It has a positive effect on the number of buds and the formation of inflorescences. The solution is prepared from the calculation: for 1 l of water 1 drop of iodine. On the geranium bush enough 50 mg solution. Watering should be on the walls of the pot so that the solution does not get on the plant.
How to care for flowering pelargonium
Flowering geranium requires special care. Timely watering and dressing retain bloom for a long time. At the same time, it is worth observing the plant and changing its care depending on the signs it gives:
- when the leaves turn yellow and then begin to fall off - this is a signal of a lack of moisture. The room can be too hot, therefore, it is necessary to water more often,
- sluggish and rotting leaves talk about excessive watering. Suspend it for a while and put the pot in the sun,
- the edges of the leaves turn red because of the cold. Perhaps the geranium stands close to the window, beyond which the subzero temperature. Move the plant pot,
- leaves become small, they fall, baring the stem. The reason is a lack of light. Rearrange the geranium on the windowsill on the sunny side.
Geranium pays for good care with exquisite beauty.
As you can see, geranium care is easy, but it is necessary. For proper watering, fertilizing, pruning, a grateful plant will respond with lush blooms, which you can admire all year round.
All the reasons why geranium does not bloom
The most common mistake in the care of geraniums is the lack of a rest period. In a city apartment where Pelargonium grows, it is not easy to find a cool place to hibernate a flower. Therefore, most often in the winter the plant is left on the windowsill.
Here, the temperature is not lower than 20ºС, which is not enough for wintering. Geranium continues to grow and does not rest before the spring vegetation and flowering. As a result, the shoots grown in winter are thin and weak, and no buds are formed on them.
Also watering a plant is observed quite often, lack of top dressing and regular transplantation.
Inexperienced growers flood the plant, or vice versa, fearing to flood, dry the earthen room strongly. In such conditions, geranium spends all its forces on survival, and they no longer remain to bloom.
At the same time, its lower leaves turn yellow and dry, leaving only young leaf blades on the tops of the stems.
Also, when improper watering the roots usually rot. You should not wait for flowering - you need to save the plant.
Flowering directly depends on fertilizing and transplanting pelargonium. When grown in depleted soil, the flower will not plant buds. With a lack of nutrition, it slows growth, loses leaves and never blooms.
The size of the pot greatly affects the timing of budding. In large pots, pelargonium blooms only in the middle of summer. It also develops when the cuttings are planted in the spring in open ground.
Pelargonium is undemanding to the ambient temperature. Only too low temperatures can harm the plant. Do not place the flower under the air conditioner or in places of cold drafts. Here he can fold all grown buds.
Geranium very rarely refuses to bloom with a lack or excess of light.. Under optimal growth conditions, it blooms even in partial shade or in direct sunlight on its leaves. It is also extremely rare in her lack of flowers due to pest damage. Harmful insects settle on pelargonium not often.
Pot size and transplanting
Do not plant indoor pelargonium in a too spacious pot. In it, the flower begins to grow vigorously, forms many new shoots and leaves.
The rapid increase in leaf mass affects flowering: a plant cannot simultaneously grow leaves and form buds. Usually growing green occurs at the expense of flowering. Geranium does not bloom or blooms very poorly.
You also need to ensure that the pot was not too cramped for a flower.
Without an annual transplant into fresh ground, the root system of pelargonium expands greatly and goes out of the drainage holes to the outside. In a close pot, the flower slows down its growth, its leaves turn yellow and dry, and the buds stop forming. You also need to remember to transplant the plant every year with the obligatory pruning of the roots.
Geranium Root Diseases
Geranium is subject to fungal and bacterial lesions of the root system. These diseases are not immediately noticeable.
Often the flower looks healthy for some time, but its growth slows down and the buds do not form. Then, if no action is taken, the plant quickly collapses.
Most often, the roots of the plant are sick due to the abundance of moisture in the soil or high humidity. In no case should not flood the plant.
Water the geranium only when the top layer of earth in the pot dries. The room where Pelargonium grows should be aired regularly. With the stagnation of moisture in the soil you need to check the drainage layer and replace it if it is clogged.
Pests that feed on plant sap often infect pelargonium. Particularly affected are those flowers that are carried out in the open air in the summer.
Harmful insects primarily affect young shoots and buds. At the same time, the plant loses its decorative appearance, its leaves turn yellow, and the buds fall.
A pest-afflicted plant will not bloom. To wait for flowering, it is necessary to treat the bush with insecticidal preparations, and then repeat the treatment until the insects are completely destroyed.
No rest period
For successful budding in spring, geranium should be kept at low temperature in winter.
During the rest period, it rests and practically does not grow - this mode is natural for the plant. With the onset of heat, its intense growth begins, and then buds and flowers appear.
If geraniums are kept in winter at room temperature, it continues to grow as intensively in this period as in summer. She does not get rest before the spring growing season, so she doesn’t have enough strength to bloom.
In winter, geraniums often lack light, so shoots are strongly drawn out and weaken.. On thin stems there are usually no buds. Only with the proper maintenance of the plant in winter can you admire its abundant and long flowering.
Why does not the geranium bloom in winter - because the plant has a dormant period?
Irregular watering and irregular feeding
Abundant and frequent watering will inevitably lead to rotting of the roots and the death of the plant. In this mode, it does not bloom, but slowly dies. But very poor watering also does not ensure its flowering.
The lack of moisture is reflected in its appearance: the leaves fade, turn yellow and fall off, the stems become bare. This is too harsh for the development of pelargonium. She can survive for some time with a lack of water, but will not bloom.
For geranium to form buds, it needs to be watered moderately and regularly.. Land in a pot should always remain wet. Drying a clod of earth leads to the drying of the roots and the death of the plant.
But you need to make sure that the water does not stagnate in the pot. This may be due to poor drainage or if the roots, growing, closed the drainage hole. Annual transplanting with pruning can help to avoid this.
Do not forget about feeding geraniums. During the growing season and flowering plant consumes a lot of nutrients and the soil in the pot is quickly depleted. Therefore, it is necessary to feed geranium with complex mineral fertilizers in the spring-summer period.
Observing these simple rules for the care of room geraniums makes it easy to achieve its abundant annual flowering. Здоровые растения цветут с ранней весны до конца лета, а иногда и до середины осени.
Теперь рассмотрим другие причины, почему не цветет герань.
Лучше всего герань растет и цветет при рассеянном освещении. In direct sunlight, burns can form on its leaves, and the buds that are formed dry out and fall off.
Do not keep pelargonium in partial shade and in the shade. Lack of lighting also greatly affects the flowering mode. Under these conditions, budding occurs much later, and sometimes pelargonium does not bloom at all.
Geranium grows in a wide temperature range, but the optimum temperature for its growth and flowering is room temperature 20-25ºС. At low temperatures in summer, the beginning of flowering may be delayed. The plant also reacts to cold drafts.
In winter, during the dormant period for zonal pelargonium, it is necessary to maintain a temperature of 10-15ºС. In a warmer room, it continues to grow, drawn out, which will necessarily lead to poor flowering in spring and summer. But most of the ampel varieties do not withstand temperatures below 12ºС.
Irregular pruning and plant age
To geranium looked lush bush and bloomed abundantly, it is necessary to carry out its forming pruning.
Consider how to cut geranium to make it bloom.
Usually in the spring before the beginning of the growing season the geranium bush is cut off, shortening all long shoots by 2/3. This stimulates the branching of the plant, and in the future, buds are laid on top of each new shoot.
Inexperienced growers often and unsuccessfully try to achieve flowering of very old plants. We should not forget that pelargonium grows well and richly blooms no more than 4-5 years. After that, it is better to update the plant, cutting and rooting cuttings.
How to make geranium bloom
Often, owners of pelargoniums complain that their plants refuse to bloom. To identify an error in the care, you must first examine the flower. By its appearance, you can immediately determine the cause of failure.
If the plant looks beautiful and green, with a lot of leaves and shoots, then the reason for the lack of flowering is too large a pot or too nutritious soil.
In this case, the bush increases the leaf mass, and the flowering will have to wait a very long time. It is better to transplant the plant in a smaller pot, and for planting to use soil with a smaller amount of humus.
The plant has very long and thin shoots. The reason for the lack of flowers - poor lighting. Pelargonium also looks the same in the absence of a rest period, unless it is pruned in the spring. It is necessary to cut the plant, removing the weakest shoots, and the rest shortened by 2/3. After that, it must be rearranged to a more illuminated place.
The plant loses leaves. Leaf plates dry on the edge, then turn yellow and fall off. A lot of "bald" shoots with leaves only on the tops. So pelargonium can react to the lack of feeding and poor watering. It looks like very old plants that need to be replaced with young specimens.
Now you know how to care for geraniums to make it blossom.
Why does not bloom indoor geranium?
The reasons provoking the problem are many.
The main ones are presented below:
- Flower pot not suitable size.
- Poor watering.
- Inadequate care in different seasons.
- The soil is not suitable composition.
- Irregular cutting of a houseplant.
- Lack of fertilization.
- Failure to maintain the correct temperature for growth.
Having decided on the reasons that can lead to the absence of flowering, it will be useful to understand how to contain a room flower, so that it grows healthy and pleases with graceful flowers all year round.
How to return the blooming geranium - tips
Observing the recommendations of experienced flower growers, it will be possible to avoid problems with growing geraniums.
Some tips are:
- Landing. In the situation with the indoor flower in question, the rule does not apply that the larger the pot, the better. The plant will not bloom until the root system as a whole takes over the capacity in which it grows, so you need to stop the choice on a compact pot. It is even better if you plant several varieties of this flower culture in one container at a time. Then you can not even worry that the root system rots due to improper watering, and the indoor flower itself will bloom with a rainbow of shades.
- Watering For a plant, drought is not so terrible as excess fluid, due to which the root system begins to rot. However, it is also contraindicated to dry the land very much, otherwise the flower will not bloom. It is necessary to approach the situation carefully. The flower plant must be watered, exclusively when the top of the ground has dried. Strangely enough, but these flowers easily transfer watering with hard water, that is, taken from the pipeline. However, experienced growers recommend not to get involved in such a type of watering, since a raid can form on the ground that will only harm the growing geranium house. Spray flower plant should not be, it does not like a lot of moisture.
- Seasonal care. Depending on the season, it is necessary to care for the indoor flower in different ways. During spring and summer, it is necessary to add a phosphoric composition to the water during watering, and this will provoke a high-quality color. When it is warm, you can take the flower to the open air for 24 hours. The flower loves temperature fluctuations and it has a beneficial effect on flowering. In order for the geranium to bloom well in summer, it is necessary to properly care for it in the winter. Cool wintering is necessary (but the temperature should not be less than + 12C). It should remove the flower away from radiators. Feed is not necessary, and watering can be 1 time in a week and a half. If the plant has successfully survived the winter and all the recommendations have been followed, then from spring to autumn it will delight with its gentlest smell and flowering.
- Priming. Normal ground does not quite fit. It is best to apply a special land acquired in the flower market. Or you can prepare the substrate yourself. To do this, it is necessary to connect the turf and leaf land with sandy inclusion. Attention! It is necessary to provide a drainage layer, expanded clay is perfect.
- Circumcision. If you want to grow a beautiful and flourishing geranium, then you will not be able to do without high-quality pruning. Otherwise, the flowers will all decrease, and as a result they will not appear at all. It is necessary to cut in the autumn. Shorten all the stems by about half, shoots with 2-3 eyes remain in place. If it is noticed that fresh shoots are drawn not from the root system, but from the follicles, they should be cut off. If you plan to plant some more flowers, then it will be right to let these shoots grow and send them to another container. Circumcision will help to give the geranium a graceful look, as well as provoke a rich color. However, it is important to remember that cutting the plant slightly shifts the beginning of the appearance of buds and flowers.
- Top dressing. It is important to timely fertilize. Every week you need to water the flower with potash-phosphorus composition, which will lead to full bloom. It is also advised to carry out watering with various biological stimulants, for example, glucose solution and heteroauxin. 2 times a month aspirin should be included in the water for watering. Geranium perfectly fertilizes iodine water (1 cap per 1 liter of water). After such feeding, flowering will be abundant and long.
- Temperature. The houseplant is resistant to temperature changes and feels comfortable even in hot weather, even on cool days. However, it is still preferable to keep the flower cool, but not less than + 12C. With such a temperature regime, plant culture feels comfortable. When night frosts come, the flower must be brought into the house and raised in a cool place before the onset of spring heat.
- Shine. Geranium properly grow with full coverage. With direct exposure to the sun, the foliage often becomes slightly pink, should not be worried, this is the norm, the usual reaction to exposure to sunlight.
Adhering to the recommendations, it will be possible to rejoice at a flowering plant all year round.
If you grow royal pelargonium, you need to water it only in the pan. Like room geranium, large-flowered pelargonium does not like excess water, so watering should be done when the topsoil dries. Excessive watering can cause a lack of flowering. If you pour your pelargonium, then its leaves will turn yellow.
When excessive watering leaves will be uniform yellow, bright. With the defeat of fungal diseases - with brown spots or uneven yellow color. With some fungal diseases leaves fade.
If the leaves of pelargonium are yellowed, reduce watering, and over time, the color of the leaves will turn green.
After the purchase do not rush to transplant pelargonium in a spacious pot. The plant will not form buds until its root system braids the entire pot capacity. It is necessary to replant a geranium when its roots begin to look out of the drainage holes. A new pot should be 2 cm larger than the previous one in diameter. So pelargonium well tolerate transplant. Its root system quickly forms a dense, earthy lump, and the flower will begin to form new buds.
If the geranium is damaged by pests, it is necessary to treat it with insecticidal agents. Best suited contact action drugs. Such preparations accumulate in the stem and leaves of pelargonium after watering the soil with their solution. They can eliminate even the most resistant to external treatments pests.
Possible reasons at home
Flowering of pelargonium begins in February - March and may continue until late autumn. Then there comes a period when the flower needs rest, at this time it is gaining strength and is preparing to pick up the buds again. If this does not happen in due time, it means that problems have arisen, both for the flower and for its owner.
Geranium, which ceased to bloom, leads to despondency, practically, of all lovers of this plant. And before you do something, you need to understand the possible causes.
And there may be several:
- wrong pot
- heavy soil
- watering violation
- too high temperature during rest
- fertilizer shortage
- lack of lighting
- late trimming
- lack of transplants
Having dealt with the fact that prevents pelargonium blossom, it is necessary to conduct a comprehensive revision of the "non-flowering" plant.
Why the geranium does not bloom, and gives only foliage
- Wrong pot. Most often, this error is made by novice flower growers - amateurs when transplanting flowers. If they are not aware of the peculiarities of geraniums, only bloom when the roots fill the entire volume of the vessel intended for cultivation. The plant should be transplanted into a small, compact pot, and then, after adaptation, the geranium bush will bloom profusely and for a long time, bringing joy.
- Heavy soil. It often happens that geranium returns from the summer cottage where it was planted for the summer, in a pot with the same land in which it grew. It is unacceptable. The soil should be replaced by a more fertile soil. It can be purchased at the store, and you can cook yourself. Combining one part of sand and humus, plus two parts of garden soil. In such a soil the roots will breathe easily, it will provide good drainage, which will prevent their rotting.
- Irrigation rules violation. Pelargonium, rather, drought-resistant type of flowers, than moisture-loving. It does not tolerate soil that is over-humidified, so watering the plant is carried out as needed when the surface of the earth in the pot becomes dry to the touch. Excess moisture causes damage to the roots, possibly rotting the entire root system. Excess water from the pan should also be drained - this will not allow bacteria to develop. Water, if it is out of the water supply, should be allowed to stand, at least 2-3 hours before watering. And it is best to have a supply of liquid for watering the flower garden on the windowsill.
- High temperature during rest. During the winter break in flowering, the best temperature for pelargonium is about 15 ° C. To withstand such a temperature is sometimes quite problematic. After all, for the most part, the only place in a city apartment for growing geraniums is the window sill, where it winters. For a healthy flower, this is quite enough for geranium to bloom again in spring.
If this does not happen, you need to take the flower to the balcony. For those who have a summer cottage, the solution to the problem is obvious: plant a plant in a flower bed. In the fresh air, pelargonium grows rapidly, and its flowering continues until the onset of cold weather.
- Fertilizer shortage. Despite all its unpretentiousness, geraniums require fertilizing. Basically it is either phosphorus-containing phosphate or potash fertilizers. It is better to dissolve them in water for irrigation, let stand, drain and use no more than once every two weeks. Nitrogen supplements are excluded, they lead to an increase in foliage and shoots, this can also be the reason for the lack of flowering.
- Lack of lighting. As already mentioned, the place for geraniums is determined on the windowsill. A sufficient amount of light is the key to abundant flowering. Well if the windows overlooking the south or east side. In this case, the lighting of the flower will be sufficient. But there is a danger of damage to the plant by direct sunlight. In order to avoid the troubles associated with this, it is better to move the flowerpot away from the window glass.
If in the apartment, after all, little light will again help out balconies and summer cottages. In these places, geranium feels great and presents beautiful flowers for a long time.
- Untimely pruning. Pruning geranium stems is best done in the fall. If the plant spent the summer in the country, then it should be cut off before it is transplanted from the open field into the pot. Formed compact, bush for a period of rest, adapts, will give new shoots and by spring will be ready for flowering. If it was not possible to pruning in the fall, it would not be a mistake to do it in early spring.
- No transfers. No matter how good the care of geraniums is, replacing the soil in the pot is necessary. Lush flowering leads to depletion of the land, which is a small amount in a pot. Therefore, at least once every two years, in spring, the flower is transplanted. And in gratitude they receive bright and lush flowers.
Why does not royal geranium bloom?
Royal Pelargonium is more demanding to care than other types of geranium. It blooms not so long, but these huge beautiful flowers fascinate at first sight. What to do to the queen of geraniums pleased flowers.
You need to know the basic rules of care. Common reasons for the lack of colors:
- wrong temperature conditions, lack of light,
- large pot and improper fertilizer
- late transfer,
- wrong pruning.
As mentioned above, like any geranium, the royal also loves abundant sunlight, in the shade it stretches out and drops buds.
She is afraid of drafts, you need to provide her with a quiet, bright place.
The pot should not be large, the roots until it is completely filled - flowering will not come.
In winter, you need to give a flower rest:
- in a bright place
- cool + 12 + 15 ° С
- reduce watering up to 2 times a week.
The royal geranium is pruned in autumn or early spring. For lush flowering pinned tips of the shoots above the 4-5 leaf.
If you follow these simple rules, geranium will please you with its flowers, as in the photo.
The reasons for the lack of flowering geraniums
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Often florists faced the problem of lack of flowering geraniums. Even outwardly healthy specimen, which is actively developing, produces new leaves, lengthens the stems, does not form buds. The reasons for this situation is certainly there.
Pelargonium of any kind is very unpretentious, therefore it is abundant in bloom and does not need complicated care. But even a healthy geranium can stop throwing buds. Despite the simplicity, it is important to provide the right care. Only a careful study of the causes, the elimination of errors in the cultivation of geraniums will solve the problem.
Main mistakes why why geranium does not bloom but grows:
- The size of the pot does not fit the plant.
- The soil has not been replaced for a long time, it has lost its nutritional properties.
- The flower is in a dark place or overly lit, a lot of sunlight falls on it.
- Waterlogging of the earth.
- No pruning in due time.
- Lack of top dressing.
- Adverse temperature.
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After examining the reasons, you can address the situation. To pelargonium bloomed at homeshould heed the advice of experts, proposed below.
Watch the video! How to achieve abundant flowering Pelargonium
Care for a geranium in a pot
It is worth checking whether the plant is comfortable in a pot. The benchmark is the root system. The root must completely fill the pot, then the geranium will bloom. Excessive volume capacity prevents flowering. Growing in it stimulates the growth of the flower, which requires considerable effort. A smaller pot creates favorable conditions and the little ball will be covered with a large number of flowers.
What to do:
- It makes sense to change the pot to a smaller one.
- Geraniums love to compete. They feel great planted in several pieces in one pot.
- Planting substrate should contain 1 part of sand, 1 part of humus, 2 parts of garden soil.
- Earth needs to be changed often enough.
Место для пеларгонии
If a не цветет королевская герань и другие разновидности этого цветка, нужно подумать об освещении. Geranium likes good lighting, though direct sunlight should not fall on the plant. They cause burns, so yellow leaves in blooming geraniums. The ideal location would be where there is enough sun, and in the afternoon a small shadow forms.
When it gets warm, indoor geranium better placed on the loggia. The temperature difference will have a positive effect and many buds will form.
Important! The pot can not be moved, rotated during the flowering geranium. This is bad for the state of the plant.
Pelargonium does not tolerate excessive watering. Roots can rot.
- Moisture is required only when the ground in the pot becomes dry.
- Tap water is rarely used, it contributes to the formation of soil deposits.
- Spraying is not recommended, the flower is sick from excessive moisture.
- It is not recommended to place geraniums in close proximity to moisture-loving plants, as the leaves turn yellow.
Watering in the winter is held every 10 days. Proper watering contributes to the development of new buds.
Feeding for geraniums
For geranium, the active growing season lasts from March to September. During this period, fertilizing is necessary, containing not more than 11% nitrogen. Otherwise lush greens will grow, and there will be no flowering. By the number of elements, the fertilizer should contain the most of potassium, phosphorus
Tip! The development of geranium contributes to iodine water. Enough drops of iodine per liter of water. In winter, feeding is stopped because the plant is resting.
Garden geranium will feel great, will delight with new buds, if you follow the recommendations for the care, watering, pruning, fertilizer described above. Implementation of the recommendations will ensure complete success, health, beautiful geranium flowering.
Watch the video! Why geranium does not bloom? How to make geranium bloom
The main varieties of home geraniums and their features
This plant is originally from South Africa. In the 6th century, it came to Europe, and from there to Russia in the 18th century. It blooms very beautifully and abundantly from May to October, which is what attracts flower growers. If you create for her particularly favorable conditions, she can continue flowering in the winter.
There are three main indoor varieties: zonal, fragrant and royal. Each of them has its own characteristics:
- Zone Geranium. Named so because of the color of the leaves. They have circles that divide the leaf into zones with dark and light colors. The flowers are small, white, red, pink. Bloom briefly and quickly fall. They are replaced by others. Thus, it seems that the plant blooms continuously.
- Scented geranium. The main difference of this variety is a persistent aroma that comes not from flowers, but from leaves: lemon, apple, orange, mint and others. The plant is a bushy, compact, small height, has a lush crown of small leaves. The flowers are very bright.
- Royal geraniums. The most exquisite of all existing plant species. A tall bush has serrated leaves at the edges. Flowers are very large, can be up to 15 cm in diameter. On each petal there is a dark spot - this is the main distinguishing feature of the variety. Royal geranium blooms very abundantly and amicably, but not for long. The flowering period is 3 months, that is, 2 times shorter than other varieties.
The reasons why indoor geranium does not bloom
This is an unpretentious plant. But he also needs care. Under adverse conditions, or if the rules of growth have been violated, the plant ceases to bloom. Here are the most common reasons why geranium does not bloom.
- Lack of essential nutrients. Geranium needs regular fertilization with potash fertilizers, but it needs organic matter at least.
- Wrong watering. The soil in the pot should be moderately wet. Excessive watering can lead to rotting of the roots and the death of the plant. Geraniums can tolerate drought, but not a swamp.
- Inappropriate pot size. Too much capacity contributes to the growth of the root system of the plant, and flowering is delayed until better times. The size of the pot is better to take a smaller one, then geranium will put all its forces on the buildup of green mass and flowering.
- The flower needs pruning. This procedure should be carried out once a year in spring or autumn. Otherwise, the bloom will not come.
- Lighting. Windows facing north or northwest are not suitable for plants. They lack light. They begin to stretch and turn yellow in an attempt to catch an extra ray of light and sun. You also need to make sure that geranium is not blocked by light from tall neighbors.
- Unsuitable wintering conditions. This period geranium is at rest and it needs special conditions. Temperature is not higher than 15 degrees, there should not be drafts, it is necessary to water a geranium moderately at this time.
How to achieve lush flowering
To plant bloom profusely, you can use the following methods and techniques.
- Regular watering plants. It must be ensured that the topsoil is always wet. If the temperature of the air in the room is high or the weather is sunny, you can water the geranium at least every day. In other cases, 1-2 times a week is enough. Do not allow excess moisture. The plant will tolerate a dry soil better than a wet one. A sign of over-wetting of the soil will be sluggish leaves and gray scurf on them. This begins the decay of the plant. The flower can still be saved in this case. If the roots begin to rot, the plant will die.
- Observe the temperature in winter. This is a period of rest of the plant, it is gaining strength. At temperatures below 15 degrees, it hibernates.
- Good lighting. For geranium, it is better to allocate a window sill on the south side of the house, because the sunlight actively stimulates the formation of new buds. In the summer, a flower pot can be taken outside and placed in a sunny place. At noon, when the sun's rays are the most aggressive, geranium needs shading. Signs of a lack of light: the leaves begin to turn yellow and fall off, and the stem, respectively, become bare.
- The correct pot size. It should be small, then geranium throws all the power to bloom.
- Priming. Best of all is a mixture of leaf and turf land, with the addition of sand and humus.
- Spraying. Geranium does not like excessive moisture, so do not expose it to this procedure.
How to trim geraniums
Pruning is one of the conditions of abundant flowering. Therefore, it is necessary to do it. In this case, it is only important to know a few rules.
- As soon as the plant has settled after planting, it is necessary to begin to form a bush. It is necessary to pinch the main escape to stop its growth. Then the plant will produce side shoots and buds all over the stem.
- For the procedure need a sharp knife. It must be clean, you can additionally disinfect it. It is necessary to do pruning of the shoot at the level of a sheet bed.
- All the flowers that are facing the middle of the flower must be removed. This will avoid thickening the plant in the center and form a beautiful bush shape.
- In order to avoid the ingress of fungi and other pathogens into the fresh cut, it must be treated with a specially intended fungicide or powdered charcoal powder.
It is carried out only after the plant has faded.
- First, it is necessary to remove dry, wilted and yellowed leaves, branches, flowers.
- Determine the desired shape of the plant and select the shoots to be cut.
- Too long or bare branches cut at the lower node. You can leave a small size stumps. From it will grow new shoots and close it.
- To prepare the geranium for wintering, experts recommend cutting a third of the main stem.
- In the winter months, when the plant is at rest, pruning is prohibited. If the shoots continue to grow actively, they should be pinched as soon as the fifth bud appears.
If everything is done correctly and geranium will safely winter, then next year, it will please its owner with abundant and lush flowering.
If geranium has not been cut in the fall, it is worth making in spring. Thus, the bush will change greens and will be able to form a set of flower stalks.
Pruning and pinching geraniums in the spring push back the timing of the onset of flowering for several weeks.
You can perform the procedure in late February - early March. A large shrub needs to be cut quite a bit by removing dry, yellowed and bare shoots. If you cut more than necessary, the plant will recover for a long time and may not bloom this season.
Bushes of small size can be subjected to any experiments, the main thing is to leave at least two buds.
Top dressing of a geranium for plentiful flowering
Until March, the plant is fed with nitrogen fertilizers so that it increases the green mass. For abundant and long flowering, as well as improving vitality, phosphate fertilizers are needed. Very well suited for this extract from superphosphate or use ready-made complex fertilizers for indoor plants, such as "Ideal".
In winter, during the rest period of the plant, it is fed once. In the spring, with the onset of flowering, fertilizing is increased to 1 time in 2 weeks. Sometimes, geranium does not hibernate with the onset of cold weather and continues to bloom. Then it is fertilized as in summer.
Geranium responds well to fertilizing with potash fertilizers. At home, you can cook this fertilizer from the ash, having prepared an extract from it.
We must take 1 tbsp. l ash and fill it with water (1 l). Let it stand for a day and drain. Dilute 1: 1 and water the plant.
Also for geranium iodine is not less important. He is responsible for the development of buds and the formation of inflorescences. To prepare the solution, dilute 1 drop of iodine in a liter of water and water the plant. It is only necessary to ensure that the solution does not hit directly on the greens. Watering is better closer to the edge of the pot.
Care of flowering plants
Geranium is unpretentious, but during flowering, it requires additional care to extend this period. If you are careful, you can see the alarm signals that the plant gives when something is wrong:
- if the leaves turn yellow and fall - this is a sign of lack of moisture,
- with excessive watering the leaves become sluggish and start to rot,
- if the plant is cold, the edges of the leaves begin to turn red, then it is necessary to put the pot with a flower in a warmer place,
- few leaves, they are small, fall off, baring the stem - this happens when there is insufficient light.
Caring for geraniums is simple: regular and proper watering, timely feeding, warmth and a lot of light. If you comply with all the conditions, the flower will long delight with its beauty, bright greens and abundant flowering.